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During the course of our immunohistochemical studies on the change of lipids in Alzheimer's disease brains by using antibody to apolipoprotein E, a protein having a special relevance to nervous tissue, we unexpectedly found that apo E immunoreactivity was associated with amyloid in both senile plaques and cerebral vessels and neurofibrillary tangles. The(More)
Lewy bodies commonly observed in brains with Parkinson's disease (PD) histochemically contain both protein and lipid as chemical components. Ultrastructurally, they are composed of filamentous, vesicular and granular structures. We investigated PD brains with light and electron microscopic immunohistochemistry using antibodies against two marker proteins(More)
  • N Oku, Y Namba
  • 1994
Liposomes have been investigated for use as drug carriers, and many previous studies have demonstrated enhanced efficacy of encapsulated drugs and the reduction of the side effects of drugs so entrapped. In many cases liposomal drugs are administered via the bloodstream. The stability in the bloodstream, clearance, and biodistribution are dependent on the(More)
A recent report has described the appearance of silver positive, tau-immunoreactive astrocytes in the brains of patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) (Neurosci. Lett., 135 (1992) 99-102). In this study we confirmed this finding in two cases of PSP by using Bodian silver staining and immunohistochemistry with antibody to human tau protein. By(More)
The irreversible dopamine (DA) receptor antagonist N-ethoxy-carbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) was used to determine the extent of receptor reserve at DA autoreceptors regulating in vivo tyrosine hydroxylase activity. Rats were treated with vehicle or EEDQ (1 X 0.5-2 X 6 mg/kg, subcutaneously) and, 24 hr later, dose response curves were generated(More)
Neurofibrillary tangle is a major cytoskeletal pathology in Alzheimer's disease brains, and has been considered to develop exclusively in neuronal cells. We examined brains with Alzheimer's disease and observed argyrophilic fibrillary tangles not only in cortical neurons but also in subcortical glial cells in the frontal and temporal white matter. The(More)
Subcutaneous administration of capsaicin (5 mg/kg) immediately increased the temperature of the tail skin (Tsk) for 2 h in urethan-anesthetized rats, suggesting an increase in heat loss. O2 consumption, an index of heat production, also immediately increased after the capsaicin injection, and this increase lasted for >10 h. Colonic temperature (Tco)(More)
Cancer photodynamic therapy (PDT) with benzoporphyrin derivative monoacid ring A (BPD-MA, verteporfin) may be effective not only by being directly cytotoxic to tumor cells, but also by being cytotoxic to the endothelium of tumor neovasculature. In the present study, we investigated the effect of PDT with an experimental liposomal formulation of BPD-MA on(More)
A new type of mosaic protein was recently discovered as a new member of the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) family, designated as LR11. The predominant expression of LR11 transcripts in brain tissue and the presence of elements found in neural adhesion molecules suggested a function(s) in the central nervous system (CNS). In order to gain insight(More)
PEBP2/CBF is a heterodimeric transcription factor composed of alpha and beta subunits. Previously, we reported two distinct mouse genes, PEBP2 alpha A and PEBP2 alpha B, which encode the alpha subunit. PEBP2 alpha B is the homologue of human AML1, encoding the acute myeloid leukemia 1 protein. AML1 and human PEBP2/CBF beta were detected independently at the(More)