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This paper describes sleep and adaptive link rate (ALR) control functions to reduce the power consumption of optical network units (ONUs) in 10 Gb/s Ethernet passive optical network (10G-EPON) systems. A hybrid mechanism that includes both sleep and ALR control functions is proposed with a view to further improving the power-saving performance. The sleep… (More)
Hypertension and insulin resistance are associated with reduced coronary vasodilatory capacity, possibly caused by structural changes in the coronary resistance vessels. The goal of this study was to compare the effect of an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) with that of a calcium channel blocker (CCB) on coronary flow reserve and insulin resistance among… (More)
SUMMARY This paper proposes a power saving mechanism with variable sleep period to reduce the power consumed by optical network units (ONUs) in passive optical network (PON) systems. In the PON systems based on time division multiplexing (TDM), sleep and periodic wake-up (SPW) control is an effective ONU power saving technique. However, the effectiveness of… (More)
—This paper proposes a novel power-saving mechanism for the 10 Gbit/s Ethernet passive optical network (10G-EPON) systems that are currently being discussed in IEEE 802.3av. The proposed power-saving mechanism includes a sleep control function and an adaptive link rate (ALR) control function. The sleep control function switches the modes of optical network… (More)
SUMMARY A significant growth in FTTH access rates has been seen in the last year. This paper overviews the deployed FTTH access systems and the recent application of Ethernet technologies. The standardization activities and further study issues are also discussed.
Autonomic failure is rare in patients with Sjögren syndrome (SS). We report the case of a 46-year-old woman with severe autonomic cardiovascular failure, manifested by incapacitating postural hypotension, as the first symptom of primary SS. Treatment with glucocorticoid resulted in a dramatic improvement of her symptoms and objective findings of autonomic… (More)