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The scaling of respiratory metabolism with body mass is one of the most pervasive phenomena in biology. Using a single allometric equation to characterize empirical scaling relationships and to evaluate alternative hypotheses about mechanisms has been controversial. We developed a method to directly measure respiration of 271 whole plants, spanning nine(More)
In the temperate zone of Japan, Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc. bears needles of up to three age classes in the upper crown and up to five age classes in the lower crown. To elucidate the effects of leaf age on photosynthetic parameters and its relationships with leaf mass per unit area (LMA) and leaf nitrogen (N(l)) concentration on an area (N(a)) and mass(More)
We have studied the photosynthetic production and growth of Thujopsis dolabrata var. hondai (hiba) seedlings under typical light conditions found in mixed forests, including constant shade, phenological gaps under broad-leaved trees with different lengths of foliation period, and in an open plot. Leaves sampled from the open plot had significantly higher(More)
We measured seasonal variation in area-based nitrogen concentration (N), maximum rate of carboxylation (Vcmax) and maximum rate of electron transport (Jmax) in 1-year-old needles along four first-order branches within a Pinus densiflora Sieb. & Zucc. crown, and analyzed their relationships to growth irradiance and temperature. Each leaf light environment(More)
We measured horizontal and vertical gradients of light (rPPFD) along four first-order branches of a Pinus densiflora Sieb. & Zucc. crown, and compared variations in specific leaf area (SLA), needle nitrogen concentration (N), chlorophyll concentration (Chl) and photosynthetic capacity (i.e., maximum rate of carboxylation (V(cmax))) along the two axes. The(More)
Besides stem temperature, seasonality and vertical gradient in stem diameter growth strongly affect both seasonal and vertical variations in stem CO 2 efflux. Stem CO2 efflux (E s) is known to vary seasonally and vertically along tree stems. We measured E s at various heights in a 50-year-old hinoki cypress [Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb. et Zucc) Endl.] stand(More)
To elucidate the relationships between spatiotemporal changes in leaf nitrogen (N) content and canopy dynamics, changes in leaf N and distribution in the canopy of a 26-year-old deciduous oak (Quercus serrata Thunb. ex. Murray) stand were monitored throughout the developmental sequence from leaf expansion to senescence, by estimating the leaf mass and N(More)
This research work aims at application of sensing and mapping technology which has been developed with mobile robotics to equipment measurement of forest trees. One of the key information for forest management in artificial forest is the records of the tree sizes and standing timber volume of a unit area. The authors made measurement equipment as trial(More)
The stand density of a forest affects the vertical distribution of foliage. Understanding the dynamics of this response is important for the study of crown structure and function, carbon-budget estimation, and forest management. We investigated the effect of tree density on the vertical distribution of foliage, branch, and stem growth, and ratio of biomass(More)
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