Yukihiko Mashima

Learn More
PURPOSE To investigate sequence variations in the optineurin (OPTN) gene and their association with TNF-alpha polymorphisms in Japanese patients with glaucoma. METHODS The OPTN gene was analyzed in blood samples from 629 Japanese subjects. There were 194 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), 217 with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG), and 218 with(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether polymorphisms in the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene are associated with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), normal-tension glaucoma (NTG), and exfoliation glaucoma (XFG) in Japanese individuals. DESIGN Genetic association study. METHODS SETTING Multicenter study. STUDY POPULATION One hundred eighty-four unrelated(More)
PURPOSE Endothelin 1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor, may affect regulation of intraocular pressure and ocular vessel tone. Thus, ET-1 and its receptors may contribute to development of glaucoma. We investigated whether gene polymorphisms of ET-1 (EDN1) and its receptors ETA (EDNRA) and ETB (EDNRB) were associated with glaucoma phenotypes and clinical(More)
In search of candidate genes for hereditary retinal disease, we have employed a subtractive and differential cDNA cloning strategy and isolated a novel retina-specific cDNA. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed an open reading frame of 2187 bp, which encodes a 729-amino-acid protein with a calculated molecular mass of 80,644 Da. The putative protein(More)
Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is an endothelial cell adhesion molecule involved in leukocyte recruitment. Leukocytes and, in particular, macrophages play an important role in the development of choroidal neovascularization (CNV), an integral component of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Previously, we showed a role for VAP-1 in ocular(More)
PURPOSE To examine the physiologic condition of the middle retinal layer of patients with X-linked juvenile retinoschisis (xlRS) by studying the on- and off-responses of the photopic electroretinograms (ERGs). METHODS Eleven unrelated Japanese men (mean age; 24.9 +/- 7.6 years) who were clinically diagnosed with xlRS and molecularly confirmed as having(More)
To characterize the clinical features associated with XLRS1 gene mutations in Japanese patients with X-linked juvenile retinoschisis (xlRS), we evaluated the following data on 14 Japanese males from 13 unrelated families with XLRS1 mutations: age and symptoms at first visit to an ophthalmologist and ophthalmologic findings including visual acuity,(More)
We have isolated a human cDNA clone encoding a novel acidic protein of MW 55,000 that we designated "myocilin" since it has homology to myosin and is localized preferentially in the ciliary rootlet and basal body of the connecting cilium of photoreceptor cells. The deduced amino acid sequence of human myocilin showed significant homologies with nonmuscle(More)
A generalized deficiency of the mitochondrial matrix enzyme ornithine aminotransferase (OAT) is the inborn error in gyrate atrophy (GA), an autosomal recessive degenerative disease of the retina and choroid of the eye. Mutations in the OAT gene show a high degree of molecular heterogeneity in GA, reflecting the genetic heterogeneity in this disease. Using(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the incidence of BIGH3 gene mutations in 164 unrelated Japanese patients with corneal stromal dystrophies with an autosomal dominant trait. METHODS Data were collected at two major institutions in the eastern and western parts of Japan, where molecular genetic analysis was performed for diagnostic purpose. RESULTS The incidence of(More)