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ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family proteins play important roles in animal development and pathogenesis. In C. elegans, a secreted ADAM protein, MIG-17, acts from outside the gonad to control the migration of gonadal distal tip cells (DTCs) that promote gonad morphogenesis. Here, we report that dominant mutations in the fbl-1 gene encoding(More)
Cell migration and axon guidance require proper regulation of the actin cytoskeleton in response to extracellular guidance cues. Rho/Rac small GTPases are essential regulators of actin remodeling. Caenorhabditis elegans CED-10 is a Rac1 homolog that is required for various cellular morphological changes and migration events and is under the control of(More)
Organs are often formed by the extension and branching of epithelial tubes. An appropriate termination of epithelial tube extension is important for generating organs of the proper size and morphology. However, the mechanism by which epithelial tubes terminate their extension is mostly unknown. Here we show that the BED-finger domain protein MIG-39 acts to(More)
MIG-17, a secreted protease of the ADAMTS family, acts in the directed migration of gonadal distal tip cells (DTCs) through regulation of the gonadal basement membrane in Caenorhabditis elegans Here, we show that MIG-17 is also required for the control of pharynx elongation during animal growth. We found that the pharynx was elongated in mig-17 mutants(More)
INTRODUCTION The spatiotemporal regulation of the activity and localization of small GTPases is determined by whether they are bound to GDP or GTP, and through interaction with effector proteins that specifically bind to the active form of the GTPase. GDP/GTP exchange factors (GEFs) that have a vacuolar protein sorting 9 (VPS9) domain mediate activation of(More)
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