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Mesenchymal stromal cells are crucial components of secondary lymphoid organs (SLOs). Organogenesis of SLOs involves specialized stromal cells, designated lymphoid tissue organizer (LTo) in the embryonic anlagen; in the adult, several distinct stromal lineages construct elaborate tissue architecture and regulate lymphocyte compartmentalization. The(More)
The regulation of lymphocyte adhesion and migration plays crucial roles in lymphocyte trafficking during immunosurveillance. However, our understanding of the intracellular signalling that regulates these processes is still limited. Here, we show that the Ste20-like kinase Mst1 plays crucial roles in lymphocyte trafficking in vivo. Mst1(-/-) lymphocytes(More)
The small GTPase Rap1 and its effector RAPL regulate lymphocyte adhesion and motility. However, their precise regulatory roles in the adhesion cascade preceding entry into lymph nodes and during interstitial migration are unclear. Here, we show that Rap1 is indispensably required for the chemokine-triggered initial arrest step of rolling lymphocytes through(More)
Lymphocyte trafficking to lymph nodes (LNs) is initiated by the interaction between lymphocyte L-selectin and certain sialomucins, collectively termed peripheral node addressin (PNAd), carrying specific carbohydrates expressed by LN high endothelial venules (HEVs). Here, we identified a novel HEV-associated sialomucin, nepmucin (mucin not expressed in(More)
After an inflammatory stimulus, lymphocyte migration into draining lymph nodes increases dramatically to facilitate the encounter of naive T cells with Ag-loaded dendritic cells. In this study, we show that CD73 (ecto-5'-nucleotidase) plays an important role in regulating this process. CD73 produces adenosine from AMP and is expressed on high endothelial(More)
While CCR7 ligands direct T cell trafficking into lymph nodes (LNs) and Peyer's patches (PPs), chemokines that regulate B cell trafficking across high endothelial venules (HEVs) remain to be fully elucidated. Here we report that CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL)13 (B lymphocyte chemoattractant) is detected immunohistologically in the majority of HEVs in LNs and(More)
Chemokines displayed on the luminal surface of blood vessels play pivotal roles in inflammatory and homeostatic leukocyte trafficking in vivo. However, the mechanisms underlying the functional regulation of chemokines on the endothelial cell surface remain ill-defined. A promiscuous chemokine receptor, the Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC), has(More)
High endothelial venule (HEV) cells support lymphocyte migration from the peripheral blood into secondary lymphoid tissues. Using gene expression profiling of mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1(+) mesenteric lymph node HEV cells by quantitative 3'-cDNA collection, we have identified a leucine-rich protein, named leucine-rich HEV glycoprotein (LRHG)(More)
CD73-deficient mice are valuable for evaluating the ability of CD73-generated adenosine to modulate adenosine receptor-mediated responses. Here we report the role of CD73 in regulating lymphocyte migration across two distinct barriers. In the first case, CD73-generated adenosine restricts the migration of lymphocytes across high endothelial venules (HEV)(More)
The homeostasis of the immune system is maintained by the recirculation of naïve lymphocytes through the secondary lymphoid tissues, such as the lymph nodes, Peyer's patches, and spleen. Upon insult by pathogens or antigens, lymphocytes become activated, and the regulated trafficking of these cells results in the integration of systemic and regional immune(More)