Yukihide Iwamoto

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In the injured central nervous system (CNS), reactive astrocytes form a glial scar and are considered to be detrimental for axonal regeneration, but their function remains elusive. Here we show that reactive astrocytes have a crucial role in wound healing and functional recovery by using mice with a selective deletion of the protein signal transducer and(More)
We have reconstituted a matrix of basement membrane onto a filter in a Boyden chamber and assessed the ability of various malignant and nonmalignant cells to penetrate through the coated filter. Cells from all the malignant cell lines tested were able to cross the matrix in 5-6 h, whereas human fibroblasts as well as mouse 3T3 and 10T1/2 cell lines, which(More)
The allele frequencies for a Pro12-->Ala substitution in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma differ among ethnic groups, and its relationship with diabetes and associated diseases is controversial. The prevalence of this polymorphism and its effects on clinical characteristics have now been evaluated with a large number of Japanese individuals(More)
The transcription factor 7-like 2 gene (TCF7L2) has been shown to be strongly associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in white populations. To further investigate the involvement of TCF7L2 in conferring susceptibility to type 2 diabetes, we examined the association of TCF7L2 polymorphisms with type 2 diabetes in a Japanese population. We(More)
We have probed for active sites in the B1 chain of laminin using synthetic peptides comprising certain regions of its amino acid sequence as deduced from cDNA clones. An antibody to a 19-mer from domain III inhibited attachment of HT-1080 and CHO cells to laminin, while the peptide itself was inactive. A nearby peptide (CDPGYIGSR) from domain III with(More)
The effect of anatomic variations on the operative techniques used in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was assessed. In 133 Japanese patients with medial osteoarthritis (OA), six parameters were measured on anteroposterior radiographs of the lower extremities taken with the patients in the supine position. The results showed that the characteristics of the(More)
Ewing's sarcoma is a small round-cell tumor typically arising in the bones, rarely in soft tissues, of children and adolescents. Ewing's sarcoma has retained the most unfavorable prognosis of all primary musculoskeletal tumors. Prior to the use of multi-drug chemotherapy, long-term survival was less than 10%. The development of multi-disciplinary therapy(More)
Stimulation of the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) is believed to exert analgesic effects through the activation of the serotonergic system descending to the spinal dorsal horn; however, how nociceptive transmission is modulated by the descending system has not been fully clarified. To investigate the inhibitory mechanisms affected by the RVM, an in vivo(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent animal studies have revealed critical roles of interleukin (IL)17, which is produced by a newly identified subset of helper T cells, Th17 cells, in the development of autoimmune diseases including arthritis. However, in human rheumatoid arthritis (RA), detailed characteristics and the prevalence of Th17 cells are unclear. METHODS(More)