Yukie Saitoh

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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker reduce β-cell apoptosis in diabetes, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. We examined the combination effects of GLP-1 and candesartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, on glucolipotoxicity-induced β-cell apoptosis; and we explored the possible mechanisms(More)
AIMS Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, are antidiabetic agents that improve hyperglycemia by decreasing insulin resistance in obese diabetic animal models and patients with type 2 diabetes. We have studied whether pioglitazone, a TZD, can exert a direct effect against pancreatic beta-cell lipoapoptosis.(More)
UNLABELLED The mechanism of osteoblast formation by a novel PDE4 inhibitor, XT-611, was studied in the in vitro bone marrow culture system. The compound potentiated the osteoblast differentiation through accumulation of cyclic AMP after autocrine stimulation of EP4 receptor by PGE2 in pro-osteoblastic cells. INTRODUCTION We previously reported that(More)
Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) have been shown to decrease insulin resistance in obese diabetic animal models and reduce the risk of new-onset diabetes in hypertensive patients. In the present study, we studied whether candesartan, an ARB, can exert a direct effect against fatty acid-induced oxidative stress in pancreatic beta-cells. The effect of(More)
AIM Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) have been shown to lower insulin resistance in obese diabetic animal models and to reduce the risk of new-onset diabetes in hypertensive patients. In the present study, we studied whether telmisartan, an ARB with partial peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) activity, can exert a direct(More)
SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The benefits of fenofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α agonist, against cardiovascular risk factors have been established. To clarify the underlying mechanisms of these benefits, we examined the effects of fenofibrate on insulin resistance, hypertension, inflammation, oxidative stress and coagulation markers in(More)
The recent development of thiazolidinediones (TZDs) as insulin sensitizers presents a new line of therapy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In animal studies, TZDs increase body weight largely due to increased fat pad mass and alterations in adipocyte size and numbers. Accumulating evidence indicates that ghrelin plays a role in regulating food intake(More)
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