Yukie Katayama

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Mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase plays an essential role in aerobic cellular respiration, reducing dioxygen to water in a process coupled with the pumping of protons across the mitochondrial inner membrane. An aspartate residue, Asp-51, located near the enzyme surface, undergoes a redox-coupled x-ray structural change, which is suggestive of a role for(More)
The ATP-dependent Clp protease of Escherichia coli contains two dissimilar components: the Clp A regulatory polypeptide, with two ATP binding sites and intrinsic ATPase activity, and the Clp P subunit, which contains the proteolytic active site. The DNA sequence of the clpP gene predicts a protein of 207 amino acids (Mr 21,679), which is in close agreement(More)
X-ray structures of bovine heart cytochrome c oxidase have suggested that the enzyme, which reduces O(2) in a process coupled with a proton pumping process, contains a proton pumping pathway (H-pathway) composed of a hydrogen bond network and a water channel located in tandem across the enzyme. The hydrogen bond network includes the peptide bond between(More)
The ATP-binding component (Component II, hereafter referred to as ClpA) of a two-component, ATP-dependent protease from Escherichia coli has been purified to homogeneity. ClpA is a protein with subunit Mr 81,000. It has an intrinsic ATPase activity and activates degradation of protein substrates only in the presence of a second component (Component I,(More)
Shiga toxin (Stx) has an A1-B5 subunit structure, and the A subunit is an RNA N-glycosidase that inhibits cellular protein synthesis. We previously reported that in Caco-2 cells Stx induced cytokines and that the RNA N-glycosidase activity was essential for the cytokine induction. It is known that the binding of the Stx-B subunit to its receptor glycolipid,(More)
X-ray structures of bovine heart cytochrome c oxidase at 1.8/1.9 A resolution in the oxidized/reduced states exhibit a redox coupled conformational change of an aspartate located near the intermembrane surface of the enzyme. The alteration of the microenvironment of the carboxyl group of this aspartate residue indicates the occurrence of deprotonation upon(More)
Cell-free protein synthesis is a useful technique that can site-specifically incorporate isotope-labeled amino acids into proteins. This incorporation is essential for infrared analyses of the electronic state of a specific amino acid residue used to elucidate protein function. Although 17 membrane proteins have been synthesized in their active state by(More)
Reovirus has gained much attention as an anticancer agent; however, the mechanism of the tumor cell-specific replication of reovirus is not fully understood. Although Ras activation is known to be crucial for tumor cell-specific replication of reovirus, it remains controversial which cellular factors are required for the reovirus-mediated tumor cell(More)