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Prior to fertilization by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), cytoplasmic organization was evaluated in metaphase II chimpanzee oocytes obtained from stimulated ovaries. The findings demonstrate a high frequency of anomalies that are remarkably similar to the types of cytoplasmic dysmorphisms reported for human oocytes used in IVF. Similar to the(More)
Defensins comprise a family of cationic antimicrobial peptides characterized by conserved cysteine residues. They are produced in various organs including skeletal muscle and are identified as key elements in the host defense system as potent effectors. At the same time, defensins have potential roles in the regulation of inflammation and, furthermore, can(More)
The objective was to determine if mouse sperm can maintain their fertilizing ability after being frozen for >10 y and whether the offspring derived from these sperm had normal fertilizing ability and phenotype. We cryopreserved sperm from six strains of mice (C57BL/6J, DBA/2N, BALB/cA, C3H/HeJ, B6D2F1 and B6C3F1) in a solution containing 18% (w/v) raffinose(More)
We attempted ovarian stimulation using gonadotropins in 14 chimpanzees. Subjects were given a single administration of leuprorelin acetate, followed by repeated administration of human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) for 16-21 days. During the dosing period, the ovarian follicle diameter and count were measured by transvaginal ultrasonography. The hormone(More)
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