Learn More
Bilirubin, the end product of heme catabolism in mammals, is generally regarded as a potentially cytotoxic, lipid-soluble waste product that needs to be excreted. However, it is here that bilirubin, at micromolar concentrations in vitro, efficiently scavenges peroxyl radicals generated chemically in either homogeneous solution or multilamellar liposomes.(More)
Spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) might provide an index of relative sympathetic (SNS) and parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) activity during exercise. Eight subjects completed six 17-min submaximal exercise tests and one resting measurement in the upright sitting position. During submaximal tests, work rate (WR) was increased for the(More)
Heart rate variability (HRV) spectra are typically analyzed for the components related to low- (less than 0.15 Hz) and high- (greater than 0.15 Hz) frequency variations. However, there are very-low-frequency components with periods up to hours in HRV signals, which might smear short-term spectra. We developed a method of spectral analysis suitable for(More)
BACKGROUND Malnutrition, gallbladder dysfunction, dumping syndrome, reflux esophagitis, and gastritis of the remnant stomach are unfavorable sequelae in patients undergoing gastrectomy. Operative procedures should be improved to ensure such patients a satisfactory quality of life. METHODS After operation, gallbladder function, reflux gastritis, gastric(More)
The gene expression of five matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and two tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) was studied in human gliomas in vivo and in vitro to evaluate their roles in glioma invasion. Simultaneous expression of one to four MMP genes and two TIMP genes was found in 17 surgical glioma specimens, and one MMP (gelatinase A) gene and(More)
Mutations of receptor tyrosine kinases are implicated in the constitutive activation and development of human malignancy. An internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the juxtamembrane (JM) domain-coding sequence of the FLT3 gene (FLT3/ITD) is found in 20% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and is strongly associated with leukocytosis and a poor(More)
To estimate the minimal gene set required to sustain bacterial life in nutritious conditions, we carried out a systematic inactivation of Bacillus subtilis genes. Among approximately 4,100 genes of the organism, only 192 were shown to be indispensable by this or previous work. Another 79 genes were predicted to be essential. The vast majority of essential(More)
The complete genomic sequence of the archaeon Thermoplasma volcanium, possessing optimum growth temperature (OGT) of 60 degrees C, is reported. By systematically comparing this genomic sequence with the other known genomic sequences of archaea, all possessing higher OGT, a number of strong correlations have been identified between characteristics of genomic(More)
The adaptive responses of the cardiovascular system to regular physical activity appear to include a reduction in sympathetic (SNS) activity and an increase in parasympathetic (PNS) activity during rest and at different absolute intensities of exercise. In a cross-sectional design, trained individuals who exercised at least 5 days/week for 45 min/day or(More)
Formin homology (FH) proteins are implicated in cell polarization and cytokinesis through actin organization. There are two FH proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Bni1p and Bnr1p. Bni1p physically interacts with Rho family small G proteins (Rho1p and Cdc42p), actin, two actin-binding proteins (profilin and Bud6p), and a polarity protein (Spa2p).(More)