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It is well known that mechanical loading influences the endochondral bone formation essential for the growth and development of longitudinal bones. The question was, however, asked whether the effect of mechanical loading on the chondrocyte metabolism is dependent on the loading frequency. This study was aimed at evaluating the effect of tensile loadings(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) is a component of the extracellular matrices of cartilage contributing to the structural and functional integrity. HA metabolism is regulated by both anabolic and catabolic processes; however, a great deal more of the detail has been unknown yet. The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of excessive mechanical load on the(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) plays a crucial role in the lubricating and buffering properties of synovial fluid. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of interleukin (IL)-1beta on HA degradation in cultured synovial membrane cells. The rabbit synovial membrane cell line HIG-82 was cultured with and without IL-1beta. The amounts of HA of varying molecular(More)
OBJECTIVE Excessive mechanical stress is considered a major cause of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA). High magnitude cyclic tensile strain (CTS) up-regulates pro-inflammatory cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in chondrocytes, while selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibition has been shown to be beneficial to cytokine-induced(More)
Amelogenins are enamel matrix proteins that play a crucial role in enamel formation. Recent studies have revealed that amelogenins also have cell signaling properties. Although amelogenins had been described as specific products of ameloblasts, recent research has demonstrated their expression in bone marrow stromal cells. In this study, we examined the(More)
OBJECTIVE Superficial zone protein (SZP) has been shown to function in the boundary lubrication of articular cartilages of the extremities. However, the expression of SZP has not been clarified in mandibular cartilage which is a tissue that includes a thick fibrous layer on the surface. This study was conducted to clarify the distribution of SZP on the(More)
Superficial zone protein (SZP) has been demonstrated to contribute to the boundary lubrication in synovial joints. This study was designed to clarify the modulation of SZP expression by mechanical stress in articular chondrocytes. Cyclic tensile strains of 7 and 21% cell elongation were applied to cultured chondrocytes obtained from porcine mandibular(More)
AIMS To determine the effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and related mechanisms by using cultured articular chondrocytes derived from porcine mandibular condyles after treatment with interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β). METHODS Chondrocytes were derived from porcine mandibular condylar cartilage and cultured.(More)
Amelogenins are the major constituent of developing extracellular enamel matrix proteins and are understood to have an exclusively epithelial origin. Recent studies have demonstrated that amelogenins can be detected in other tissues, including bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), but the role of amelogenins in MSCs remains unclear. The purpose of this(More)
Multiple impacted permanent teeth is uncommon and rarely reported in the literature. This article reports the treatment of an adolescent patient with multiple impacted teeth without systemic disease. A 9-year 2-month-old boy complained of a delay of eruption of the first molars. All first molars were unerupted, and the left deciduous second molar was a(More)