Learn More
Many studies have suggested that 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT, serotonin) plays an important role in the control of gastrointestinal motility. However, most of these studies have been carried out on guinea-pig ileum in vitro. Therefore, we investigated the mechanisms of action of 5HT on gastrointestinal motility in conscious guinea-pigs. In order to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS EM523, a motilin agonist, is intended to be used as a gastroprokinetic during the postprandial period, but the mechanism(s) by which EM523 stimulates postprandial contractions in the stomach has not been studied before. The aim of this study was to examine the mechanism of contraction-stimulating activity by EM523 in fed dogs. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS EM523, a nonpeptide motilin agonist, is being developed for clinical use to improve delayed gastric emptying. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of EM523 on endogenous release of gut and pancreatic hormones in conscious dogs. METHODS Motility of the gastrointestinal tract was monitored using force transducers. Blood(More)
Motilin-immunopositive cells (Mo cells) are known to be present in the upper small intestine of various species, including man. However, whether Mo cells are present in the rabbit gastrointestinal tract remained to be elucidated. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the distribution of Mo cells in the rabbit gastrointestinal tract by the(More)
We compared the inhibitory effects of histamine and pentagastrin (PG) on motilin-induced upper gastrointestinal phase III activity in conscious dogs that had surgically prepared Heidenhain pouchs (HP). Contractile activity was measured by means of chronically implanted force transducers, and changes in pH of the perfusate through the HP were monitored(More)
A novel 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)4 receptor agonist, TKS159, ¿4-amino-5-chloro-2-methoxy-N-[(2S,4S)-1-ethyl-2- hydroxymethyl-4-pyrrolidinyl] benzamide), has recently been developed as a gastroprokinetic drug. Cisapride is already used clinically to increase gastric contractions. The stimulatory effects of TKS159 and cisapride on gastric contractions were(More)
In general, anchorage-dependent animal cells cultivated on a solid culture substrate, such as polystyrene, are collected by trypsin treatment. This treatment may have detrimental effects such as the proteolysis of the cell membrane proteins. To avoid these effects, cell cultivation using a liquid/liquid interface system has been investigated. In this(More)
Although motilin receptors have been demonstrated by ligand binding studies, there have been no morphological studies of motilin binding site distribution. Light microscopic macro- and micro-autoradiography using highly purified iodinated Tyr23 canine motilin (10(-10) M) was carried out on the gastric antrum, duodenum, cecum and distal colon of the rabbit.(More)
The central projection model commonly used to model cameras as well as projectors, results in similar advantages and disadvantages in both types of system. Considering the case of active stereo systems using a projector and camera setup, a central projection model creates several problems, among them, narrow depth range and necessity of wide baseline are(More)
Mixed-function oxidase activities of hepatic microsomal preparations from rats were examined after intraperitoneal administration of sizofilan (SPG), an immunomodulator. Repeated doses of SPG (3 mg/kg/12 hr, 4 times) depressed the hepatic cytochrome P-450 content and the activities of aminopyrine N-demethylase and aniline hydroxylase.