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When animals are infected with helminthic parasites, resistant hosts show type II helper T immune responses to expel worms. Recently, natural helper (NH) cells or nuocytes, newly identified type II innate lymphoid cells, are shown to express ST2 (IL-33 receptor) and produce IL-5 and IL-13 when stimulated with IL-33. Here we show the relevant roles of(More)
C57BL/6 (B6) and B6 background STAT6(-/-) mice pretreated with IL-18 plus IL-2 showed prominent intestinal mastocytosis and rapidly expelled implanted adult worms of the gastrointestinal nematode Strongyloides venezuelensis. In contrast, identically pretreated mast cell-deficient W/W(v) mice failed to do so. Thus, activated mucosal mast cells (MMC) are(More)
Autoinflammatory syndromes cause sterile inflammation in the absence of any signs of autoimmune responses. Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS) is characterized by intermittent episodes of rash, arthralgia, and fever after exposure to cold stimuli. We have identified a missense mutation in the NLRC4 gene in patients with FCAS. NLRC4 has been known(More)
BACKGROUND Central serotonin-2A (5-HT(2A)) receptor dysfunction is regarded as an important factor in the etiology of affective disorders. The relations between some personality traits and the vulnerability of affective disorders are also implicated. Moreover, there are several reports which describe the association between 5-HT(2A) receptor gene(More)
Effects of citalopram on dopamine D2 receptor expression in the rat brain striatum were studied. Repeated administration of citalopram increased the amount of dopamine D2 receptors, the level of dopamine D2 receptor mRNA, and the transcription rate of the dopamine D2 receptor gene. Single administration of citalopram also increased the level of dopamine D2(More)
The host deploys a subset of immune responses to expel helminths, which differs depending on the nature of the helminth. Strongyloides venezuelensis, a counterpart of the human pathogen S. stercoralis, naturally infects rodents and has been used as an experimental model. Here we show that induction of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgE is a prerequisite for(More)
BACKGROUND Administration of cisplatin, cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (CDDP), causes a severe impairment of renal function, including increases in urinary excretion of proteins. We recently found that CDDP inhibits vacuolar H+-ATPase, which plays an important role in receptor-mediated endocytosis in the renal proximal tubules. Therefore, CDDP-induced(More)
We have reported that the platelet intracellular calcium (Ca) mobilization after stimulation by serotonin (5-HT) is specifically enhanced in bipolar disorder among various psychiatric disorders, compared with that in normal control. To explore the mechanisms of enhanced Ca response to 5-HT in the platelets, we first examined the relation between the(More)
Interleukin (IL)-18 synergizes with IL-12 to promote T helper cell (Th)1 responses. Somewhat paradoxically, IL-18 administration alone strongly induces immunoglobulin (Ig)E production and allergic inflammation, indicating a role for IL-18 in the generation of Th2 responses. The ability of IL-18 to induce IgE is dependent on CD4+ T cells, IL-4, and signal(More)
The present study investigated whether kisspeptin-G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54) signaling plays a role in mediating mating-induced ovulation in the musk shrew (Suncus murinus), a reflex ovulator. For this purpose, we cloned suncus Kiss1 and Gpr54 cDNA from the hypothalamus and found that suncus kisspeptin (sKp) consists of 29 amino acid residues(More)