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During leaf senescence, Rubisco is gradually degraded and its components are recycled within the plant. Although Rubisco can be mobilized to the vacuole by autophagy via specific autophagic bodies, the importance of this process in Rubisco degradation has not been shown directly. Here, we monitored Rubisco autophagy during leaf senescence by fusing(More)
The spatial luminance relationship between shading patterns and specular highlight is suggested to be a cue for perceptual translucency (Motoyoshi, 2010). Although local image features are also important for translucency perception (Fleming & Bulthoff, 2005), they have rarely been investigated. Here, we aimed to extract spatial regions related to(More)
Purpose. Genetic polymorphisms of MICA and DEPDC5 have been reported to correlate with progression to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis C patients. However, correlation of these genetic variants with HCC recurrence following hepatectomy has not yet been clarified. Methods. Ninety-six consecutive HCC patients who underwent hepatectomy,(More)
This project focuses on building an autonomous vehicle as the test bed for the future development of an intelligent wheelchair, by proposing a framework for designing and implementing a mobile robot control program that is easily expandable and portable to other robotic platforms. Using a robot equipped with a minimal set of sensors such as a camera and(More)
A wireless 3-D NoC architecture for CMPs, in which the number of processor and cache chips stacked in a package can be changed after the chip fabrication, is proposed by using the inductive coupling technology that can connect more than two known-good-dies without wire connections. Each chip has data transceivers for uplink and downlink in order to(More)
It has been suggested that the finding of acanthocyturia in patients with hematuria points to the presence of glomerulonephritis. However, little attention has been paid to the finding of acanthocyturia in diabetic patients with hematuria. Here we studied 93 consecutive diabetic patients and explored the prevalence of microscopic hematuria and(More)
Extensin is a glycoprotein that is rich in hydroxyprolines linked to β-L-arabinofuranosides. In this study, we cloned a hypBA2 gene that encodes a novel β-L-arabinobiosidase from Bifidobacterium longum JCM 1217. This enzyme does not have any sequence similarity with other glycoside hydrolase families but has 38-98% identity to hypothetical proteins in(More)
Thin film transistors with a carbon nanotube (CNT) network as a channel have been fabricated using grid-inserted plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) which has the advantage of preferential growth of the CNTs with semiconducting behavior in the I-V characteristics of CNT field effect transistors (CNT-FETs). Taking advantage of the preferential(More)
We propose a new window search method to realize real-time object detection. Our method generates windows adaptively for objects' shapes and scales to detect various size objects. It also achieves real-time window search by using fast estimation of object's location based on existence probability of an object. Experiment results demonstrate that the(More)
Fluorinated polymers generally function as antibacterial agents, but their anti-biofilm effect remains unresolved. This study investigates the efficacy of fluoropolymers containing 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-p-phenylenedimethanol (TFPDM) in preventing biofilm formation by Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli (Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial species).(More)