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BACKGROUND High glucose causes renal cell injury through various signal transduction pathways, including mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases cascades. Big MAP kinase 1 (BMK1), also known as extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5 (ERK5), is a recently identified MAP kinase family member and was reported to be sensitive to osmotic and oxidative stress.(More)
Androgen has anabolic effects on cardiac myocytes and has been shown to enhance left ventricular enlargement and function. However, the physiological and patho-physiological roles of androgen in cardiac growth and cardiac stress-induced remodeling remains unclear. We aimed to clarify whether the androgen-nuclear androgen receptor (AR) system contributes to(More)
Pramipexole, a novel non-ergot dopamine (DA) agonist, has been successfully applied to the treatment of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Although the specific cause of PD remains unknown, recent studies have provided evidence that oxidative stress plays a role in the parthenogenesis of the disease. In the present study, we examined the effect of pramipexole on(More)
In this study, we investigated whether orally administered nitrite is changed to NO and whether nitrite attenuates hypertension in a dose-dependent manner. We utilized a stable isotope of [15N]nitrite (15NO2-) as a source of nitrite to distinguish between endogenous nitrite and that exogenously administered and measured hemoglobin (Hb)-NO as an index of(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and several other cardiovascular diseases. It is now apparent that ROS induce endothelial cell damage and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) growth and cardiac remodeling, which are associated with hypertension, atherosclerosis, heart failure, and(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) stimulates expression of endothelial cell (EC) genes that may promote atherosclerosis in part by an activation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases. Ebselen (2-phenyl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3[2H]-one), a selenoorganic compound, is effective for acute ischemic stroke; however, its effect on EC has not yet been(More)
The nongenomic effects of aldosterone have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases. Aldosterone-induced nongenomic effects are attributable in part to the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), a classical mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase. Big MAP kinase 1 (BMK1), a newly identified MAP kinase,(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is synthesized from l-arginine by nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and nitrite and nitrate are believed to be waste forms of NO. We previously reported an enzyme-independent pathway of NO generation from nitrite in acidic conditions. In this study, we show nitrite-derived NO formation in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury using electron(More)
Ebselen (2-phenyl-1, 2-benzisoselenazol-3[2H]-one) is a seleno-organic compound exhibiting both glutathione peroxidase and antioxidant activity. Although it has been reported that ebselen is effective against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced cell death in several cell types, its effect on endothelial cell damage has not yet been elucidated. In the(More)
Clinical evidence suggests a relationship between hypertension and insulin resistance, and cross-talk between angiotensin II (Ang II) and insulin signaling pathways may take place. We now report the effect of Ang II on insulin-induced glucose uptake and its intracellular mechanisms in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). We examined the translocation of(More)