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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The present study assesses the effects of the oxidative stress marker, myeloperoxidase (MPO), and the possible MPO-related oxidative stress marker, oxidative alpha(1)-antitrypsin (oxAT), on carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and protein-energy wasting (PEW) in patients on hemodialysis (HD). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)
The tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib is beneficial in experimental renal diseases, but the effect of the new tyrosine kinase inhibitor nilotinib on the progression of renal failure is unknown. We administered either nilotinib or vehicle to Sprague-Dawley rats beginning 2 weeks after 5/6 nephrectomy (Nx) or laparotomy and continuing for 8 weeks. Serum(More)
BACKGROUND It is well established that the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy is associated with abnormalities of renal nitric oxide (NO) generation. Many of the biological actions of NO are mediated by cGMP, which is rapidly degraded by phosphodiesterases. In this study, we evaluated the renoprotective effects of sildenafil (SIL), an inhibitor of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Oxidized HDL (oxHDL) may behave as proinflammatory HDL because of reduced anti-inflammatory capacity and is considered a risk factor for mortality in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). The study presented here assessed the effect of oxHDL on protein-energy wasting (PEW) in MHD patients. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)
Levels of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23, a phosphatonin, are frequently elevated in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). However, the role of FGF23 remains unclear because renal FGF receptor function might be impaired. The present cross-sectional study examines a cohort of patients (n = 196) on MHD who(More)
A 19-year-old female was admitted with general malaise and systemic edema. She had been diagnosed as having autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) eight years earlier and was successfully managed with oral prednisolone. During the current admission, she was diagnosed as having systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) based on the presence of renal involvement,(More)
Demetalation kinetics of natural chlorophyll (Chl) d purified from Acaryochloris marina was first studied and compared with those of Chls a and b. The demetalation rate constant of Chl d, which possessed a formyl group at the 3-position, was five-fold smaller than that of Chl a possessing a vinyl group at the same position in aqueous acetone at the proton(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrapure dialysate (UD) might contribute to improvements in the morbidity and mortality of hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, it is unclear whether increasing dialysate purity affects chronic inflammation, oxidative stress, and lipid abnormalities. METHODS In a prospective cohort study, 126 patients undergoing maintenance HD using(More)
The imaging features of an atypically enhanced hepatic hemangioma have not been well described in the literature, and the presence of such atypia may sometimes cause clinical problems in the differential diagnosis. Herein, we report a case of hepatic hemangioma demonstrating a previously unreported atypical enhancement pattern. On dynamic computed(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are associated with comorbidity and death among patients on hemodialysis (HD). Angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) can decrease the formation of AGEs in vitro. This study examines the ability of various ARBs to decrease plasma AGE levels in hypertensive patients on HD. METHODS This preliminary(More)