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Bloodfed female Aedes aegypti were exposed to a surface treated with pyriproxyfen at 1.0 g m2 for 30 min and then allowed to lay eggs in cups of water containing 4th-instar larvae. Adult emergence from the immatures was highly inhibited, and transmission of pyriproxyfen from the females to the water was revealed. The transfer of the chemical to the water(More)
Within developing ovaries of many insects, some developing follicles or oocytes usually degenerate (follicular atresia or oosorption), while the others may continue to grow to maturity, thus maintaining the balance between the number of eggs and reproductive circumstances such as available nutrients. To help clarify the phenomenon of follicular atresia(More)
We recently cloned a c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) sequence from the C6/36 cell line, derived from the mosquito Aedes albopictus. We showed that SP600125, an inhibitor of JNK proteins, inhibits phagocytosis by C6/36 cells, suggesting that the JNK-like protein regulates phagocytosis. Here, we show that C6/36 cells constitutively express low levels of(More)
In order to identify the patterns of genetic change of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) strains circulating in Oita, the complete envelope (E) gene has been sequenced for 35 isolates from swine in a 30-year span. Based on nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences, the genetic variation was examined, phylogeny was estimated and selection pressures were(More)
The time course of synthesis of snowshoe hare bunyavirus small (S)- and medium (M)-sized viral RNA (vRNA), viral cRNA (vcRNA), and mRNA species was analyzed by using single-stranded DNA probes representing the S- and M-coded gene products. In the presence of puromycin, an inhibitor of protein synthesis, the subgenomic S mRNA species were detected, but not(More)
Many West Nile (WN) virus isolates associated with significant outbreaks possess a glycosylation site on the envelope (E) protein. E-protein glycosylated variants of New York (NY) strains of WN virus are more neuroinvasive in mice than the non-glycosylated variants. To determine how E protein glycosylation affects the interactions between WN virus and avian(More)
Follicular atresia, the degeneration of developing follicles, is always incident to normal oogenesis in both oviparous and viviparous animals. Photo- and electron-microscopic observation of degenerating follicles within developing ovaries taken from blood-fed Culex pipiens pallens mosquitoes showed gradual degradation of the internal structures including(More)
To determine the genetic variability of dengue viruses (DENVs) in Paraguay, the complete envelope gene was sequenced for 4 DENV-2 and 22 DENV-3 strains isolated from 2001 to 2006. The sequence data were used in Bayesian phylogenetic analyses, which revealed that Paraguayan DENV-2 strains fell into two distinct clades within the American/Asian genotype, thus(More)
Aedes aegypti, at the larval stage, has been subjected to the temephos selection in laboratory. The level of temephos resistance was detected in a microplate by biochemical assay using WHO bioassay technique. The major enzyme-based resistance mechanisms involved in temephos resistance include elevated nonspecific esterase, oxidase and insensitive(More)
When Western blot analysis of heat-killed bacteria- and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated Aedes albopictus mosquito cell line C6/36 was performed using antiphospholyrated c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) antibodies, approximately 46 kDa protein was clearly detected with a peak around 30 min. After the C6/36 cells were incubated at 45 degrees C in order to(More)