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In the tunica muscularis of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, gap junctions form low-resistance pathways between pacemaker cells known as interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) and between ICC and smooth muscle cells. Coupling via these junctions facilitates electrical slow-wave propagation and responses of smooth muscle to enteric motor nerves. Glycyrrhetinic(More)
The adaptation of death-feigning (thanatosis), a subject that has been overlooked in evolutionary biology, was inferred in a model prey-and-predator system. We studied phenotypic variation among individuals, fitness differences, and the inheritance of death-feigning behaviour in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).(More)
2ϩ sparklet activity during acute hypergly-cemia and diabetes in cerebral arterial smooth muscle cells. ϩ sparklets are sub-cellular Ca 2ϩ signals produced by the opening of L-type Ca 2ϩ channels (LTCCs). In cerebral arterial myocytes, Ca 2ϩ sparklet activity varies regionally, resulting in low and high activity, " persistent " Ca 2ϩ sparklet sites.(More)
Ca(+) sparklets are subcellular Ca(2+) signals produced by the opening of sarcolemmal L-type Ca(2+) channels. Ca(2+) sparklet activity varies within the sarcolemma of arterial myocytes. In this study, we examined the relationship between Ca(2+) sparklet activity and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) accumulation and release in cerebral arterial myocytes.(More)
Two distinct populations of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) exist within the tunica muscularis of the gastric antrum, and these cells serve different physiological functions. One population of ICC generates and actively propagates electrical slow waves, and the other population of ICC is innervated by excitatory and inhibitory motor neurons and mediates(More)
Autonomic neurotransmission is thought to occur via a loose association between nerve varicosities and smooth muscle cells. In the gastrointestinal tract ultrastructural studies have demonstrated close apposition between enteric nerves and intramuscular interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC-IM) in the stomach and colon and ICC in the deep muscular plexus(More)
We retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of 37 adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) conditioned with medium-dose VP-16 (VP, 30 mg/kg), cyclophosphamide (CY, 120 mg/kg), and fractionated total-body irradiation (TBI, 12 Gy) (medium-dose VP/CY/TBI). The median age of(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) elevates intracellular concentration of cAMP ([cAMP]) and facilitates glucose-dependent insulin secretion in pancreatic β-cells. There has been much evidence to suggest that multiple key players such as the GLP-1 receptor, G(s) protein, adenylate cyclase (AC), phosphodiesterase (PDE), and intracellular Ca(2+) concentration(More)
BACKGROUND The donor cell culture in animal serum-free medium is important for the clinical application of cell transplantation therapy. Recently, human-derived platelet lysate (PL) gained interest as a substitute for fetal calf serum (FCS), but there are no studies that evaluate the validity of human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) expanded with(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent studies have indicated that patients who receive stem cell transplantation (SCT) and rituximab demonstrate an increased risk of developing hypogammaglobulinemia. Such hypogammaglobulinemia has been found to be due to delayed recovery of memory B cells with an abnormal cell marker expression and impaired immunoglobulin production in vitro.(More)