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Ca(+) sparklets are subcellular Ca(2+) signals produced by the opening of L-type Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs). In cerebral arterial myocytes, Ca(2+) sparklet activity varies regionally, resulting in low and high activity, "persistent" Ca(2+) sparklet sites. Although increased Ca(2+) influx via LTCCs in arterial myocytes has been implicated in the chain of events(More)
  • Yukari Takeda
  • 2016
Upon elevation of plasma glucose concentration, pancreatic β-cells generate bursts of action potentials to induce cyclic changes in [Ca(2+)]i regulating insulin release. Glucose-dependent insulin secretion is synergistically enhanced by glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), which increases [cAMP]i and activates protein kinase A (PKA) and exchange protein(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an intestinally derived blood glucose-lowering hormone that potentiates glucose-stimulated insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. The secretagogue action of GLP-1 is explained, at least in part, by its ability to stimulate cAMP production so that cAMP may facilitate the release of Ca(2+) from inositol trisphosphate(More)
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