Yukari Tajima

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This study was designed to explore the efficacy of a human clone cell line as an alternative neural graft source and to validate the practice of cryopreservation and xenografting as logistical approaches toward conducting neural transplantation. We investigated the biological effects of transplanting cultured human neurons (NT2N cells) derived from a(More)
Pituitary glands were recovered from dolphins and small whales found stranded along the Texas coast of the Gulf of Mexico over a 15-year period (1991-2006). One hundred animals of 14 species were found to be suitable for inclusion in this study. Of these, 72 were Atlantic bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Other species included were the melon-headed(More)
Stroke mortality has declined over recent decades, prompting a demand for the development of effective rehabilitative therapies for stroke survivors. This effort has been facilitated by significant progress in replicating the behavioral and neuropathological changes of authentic human cerebral ischemia using relevant animal models. Since the rodent model of(More)
Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is characterized by various signs, including neurological disorders and allergy. Exposure may occur through a major event, such as a chemical spill, or from long-term contact with chemicals at low levels. We are interested in the allergenicity of MCS and the detection of low-level chemical-related hypersensitivity. We(More)
Several types of pesticides, including organochlorines, are known to suppress or modulate immune responses. The present study evaluated the immunotoxicity of the organochlorine pesticide methoxychlor (MXC) in female BALB/c, C3H/He, and ICR mice. Mice were given oral MXC doses of 0, 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg each day for 7 consecutive days. On day 4, the mice(More)
Several types of pesticides, such as organophosphates and organochlorines, can induce thymocyte apoptosis, resulting in thymic atrophy and predisposing the highly sensitive fetal immune system to loss of tolerance to self-antigens and subsequent increased risk for autoimmune disease and allergies. In the studies here, mouse primary thymocytes and a human(More)
The inhalation of many types of chemicals, including pesticides, perfumes, and other low-molecular weight chemicals, is a leading cause of allergic respiratory diseases. We attempted to develop a new test protocol to detect environmental chemical-related respiratory hypersensitivity at low and weakly immunogenic doses. We used long-term dermal sensitization(More)
Fresh thyroid glands (n=60) from Atlantic bottlenose dolphins that died after stranding along the Texas coast between 1991 and 2005 were examined. Organ weight ranged from 11 g in a neonate (length 109 cm) to 58 g in a large (249 cm) male. More typical weights were 25-45 g (mean=30.6 g). Glands tended to be larger in pregnant and lactating females (mean(More)
Several types of pesticides, such as organophosphates, phenoxyacetic acid, and carbamate have a high risk of affecting human health, causing allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma-like diseases. We used our long-term sensitization method and a local lymph node assay to examine the allergic reactions caused by several types of pesticides. BALB/c mice were(More)
The dysregulation of immune functions by some pesticides leads to various immune disorders, including immunodeficiency, tumorigenesis, allergies, and autoimmunity. This study's primary objective was to examine the relationship between immune disorders and the immunosuppression induced by immunosuppressive pesticides. We focused on the modulation of allergic(More)