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Oxidant carcinogens interact with multiple cellular targets including membranes, proteins, and nucleic acids. They cause structural damage to DNA and have the potential to mutate cancer-related genes. At the same time, oxidants activate signal transduction pathways and alter the expression of growth- and differentiation-related genes. Indeed, the(More)
Hepatic lipogenesis is nutritionally regulated (i.e., downregulated during fasting and upregulated during the postprandial state) as an adaptation to the nutritional environment. While alterations in the expression level of the transcription factor SREBP-1c are known to be critical for nutritionally regulated lipogenesis, upstream mechanisms governing(More)
Fatty acid elongase 5 (ELOVL5) is an enzyme involved in the synthesis of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Sterol Regulatory Element-binding Protein (SREBP)-1 activates ELOVL5 and increases polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis, which in turn negatively affects SREBP-1 expression. Thus, ELOVL5 has been established as an SREBP-1 target gene and an important(More)
Fatty acid synthase (Fasn) is a key component of energy metabolism that is dynamically induced by food intake. Although extensive studies have revealed a number of transcription factors involved in the fasting/refeeding transition of Fasn expression in hepatocytes, much less evidence is available for adipocytes. Using the in vivo Ad-luc analytical system,(More)
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