Yukari Hamada

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INTRODUCTION The high incidence of multiple pregnancies is a major concern in the treatment of infertility by in vitro fertilization (IVF). Risks and costs are associated with multiple pregnancies and it is important to find a way to decrease multiple pregnancies. The standard protocol for IVF includes the transfer of two or three embryos. METHODS In this(More)
The zona pellucida (ZP) of mammalian oocytes forms an extracellular matrix composed of three major glycoproteins and plays an important role in sperm-zona interactions. As ZP had a strong organ-specific but species-cross-reactive antigenicity and passive or active immunization with ZP antigens could impair fertilization, the possibility of developing a(More)
PROBLEM The zona pellucida is a good target antigen for contraceptive vaccines due to its strong immunogenicity and high tissue specificity. However, this contraceptive effect is inevitably associated with ovarian failure. Therefore, it is necessary to define an epitope of the zona antigen to which the antibody produced inhibits fertilization without any(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the capacity for fertilization and development of preantral oocytes in oocyte-granulosa cell complexes (OGC) originating from vitrified ovaries. DESIGN Experimental animal study. SETTING University-based research laboratory. ANIMAL(S) Normal (C57BL/6xDBA2) F1 mice in a laboratory environment. INTERVENTION(S) Vitrification of(More)
Previously, we produced a fertilization-blocking monoclonal antibody (MAb-5H4) to find a candidate peptide for a contraceptive vaccine. MAb-5H4 recognized a linear amino acid sequence of ZPA (No. 50-67) in pigs, humans and rabbits. In the present study, 18mer peptides corresponding to the sequence were conjugated with diphtheria toxoid as a carrier protein(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate if the outcome of ICSI was influenced by epididymal sperm motility in frozen-thawed specimens. A total of 18 ICSI treatment cycles using spermatozoa retrieved by microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration (MESA) were analysed retrospectively. Cryopreservation of epididymal spermatozoa was performed when enough(More)
BACKGROUND Klinefelter's syndrome is one of the major causes of azoospermia, cryptozoospermia and severe oligozoospermia with either a nonmosaic (47,XXY) or mosaic (47,XXY/46,XY) ICSI treatment with cryopreserved testicular spermatozoa failed, but after the third attempt, 6 of 8 oocytes injected with cryopreserved sperm were fertilized and karyotype. Men(More)
PURPOSE Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has been validated as a useful treatment in severe male-factor patients who could not achieve fertilization and live births by conventional in vitro fertilization treatment. To examine the impact of male factors on ICSI outcome, clinical laboratory data were retrospectively analyzed. METHODS One hundred two(More)
Antisperm antibodies have been found in infertile patients and those causing immobilization of sperm are considered to be closely related to unexplained infertility. These antibodies are usually identified by a sperm immobilization test which involves counting motile sperm under microscope. This test is subjective as it relies on the judgement of the(More)
Objective This study aimed to investigate the preparedness of pharmacies to provide DOTS in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan, and to analyze the feasibility of this system with a view toward providing a basis for future administrative studies to consider its adoption.Methods A self-administered mail questionnaire survey was conducted, involving the owners (mostly(More)