Yukari Akimoto

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SCOPE To determine the effect of consumption of a quercetin-rich diet on obesity and dysregulated hepatic gene expression. METHODS AND RESULTS C56BL/6J mice were fed for 20 wk on AIN93G (control) or a Western diet high in fat, cholesterol and sucrose, both with or without 0.05% quercetin. Triglyceride levels in plasma, thiobarbituric acid-reactive(More)
The recent development of endothelin-1 (ET-1) antagonists and their potential use in the treatment of human disease raises questions as to the role of ET-1 in the pathophysiology of such cardiovascular ailments as hypertension, heart failure, renal failure and atherosclerosis. It is still unclear, for example, whether activation of an endogenous ET-1 system(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Streptozotocin (STZ), a chemically reactive analogue of N-acetylglucosamine, induces necrosis of the beta cells, resulting in diabetes mellitus. Glucose-induced insulin resistance is mediated by increased activity of the hexosamine pathway. We aimed to examine the regulation of O-GlcNAc transferase expression and activity in the normal and(More)
Phloridzin is a dihydrochalcone typically contained in apples. In this study, it is shown that a diet containing 0.5% phloridzin significantly reduced the blood glucose levels in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice after 14 days. We detected phloridzin in the plasma of STZ-induced diabetic mice fed the phloridzin diet for 14 days, although its(More)
Bitter gourd ( Momordica charantia L.) pericarp, placenta, and seed extracts were previously shown to induce apoptosis in HL60 human leukemia cells. To determine the active component that induces apoptosis in cancer cells, bitter gourd ethanol extract was fractionated by liquid-liquid partition and silica gel column chromatography. Several fractions(More)
Quercetin is a food component that may ameliorate the diabetic symptoms. We examined hepatic gene expression of BALB/c mice with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes to elucidate the mechanism of the protective effect of dietary quercetin on diabetes-associated liver injury. We fed normal and STZ-induced diabetic mice with diets containing quercetin for 2(More)
Bitter gourd ( Momordica charantia L.) is a popular tropical vegetable in Asian countries. Previously it was shown that bitter gourd placenta extract suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced TNFalpha production in RAW 264.7 macrophage-like cells. Here it is shown that the butanol-soluble fraction of bitter gourd placenta extract strongly suppresses(More)
For mapping brain acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in vivo, seven radioactive acetylcholine analogs, N-[14C]methylpiperidyl-3- and 4-acetates, propionates, isobutyrates, and 3-butyrate were newly synthesized and evaluated in mice. The esters readily entered the brain and were hydrolyzed into the hydrophilic metabolite, which was trapped. In brain homogenates,(More)
The proton pump inhibitor NC-1300 has antisecretory and cytoprotective activities in rats. The compound is labile at an acidic pH and degrades into various products. We attempted to identify these products after treatment at different pHs in vitro using HPLC. We also examined whether (A) NC-1300 treated at acidic pHs loses its efficacy on gastric secretion(More)
8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), as a measure of oxidative stress, was measured in healthy Japanese volunteers using an ELISA (New 8-OHdG Check, JICA). Analysis of daytime spot urine of 83 healthy male subjects and smoking habit, exercise and age revealed significant correlation only between the urinary level of 8-OHdG and age. As the inter-individual(More)