Yukako Nakano

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In this study, we examined the effect of passive immunization of endogenous corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) on hypoglycemia-induced adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion and determined proopiomelanocortin messenger RNA (POMC mRNA) levels in the anterior pituitary as well as hypothalamic CRF mRNA levels in(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), serum and seminal plasma contain a small amount of SP-40,40, a modulatory protein of the human complement system. The SP-40,40 in each body fluid was different in molecular size on SDS-PAGE, and glioblastoma cells, hepatoma cells and testicular tumor cells produced SP-40,40, while neuroblastoma cells did not. Therefore, it was(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has a stimulatory effect on adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) release. In the present study, to investigate the effect of NPY on CRF synthesis, the effect of centrally administered NPY on CRF messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in rat hypothalamus was examined under pentobarbital anesthesia. The administration(More)
To determine how protein kinase C (PKC) activity influences properties of the tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium current (TTX-R I(Na)) in neonatal rat nodose ganglion (NG) neurons, we assessed the effects of phorbol,-12-myristate,13-acetate (PMA), one of the PKC activators, and staurosporine, one of the PKC inhibitors, on the current. PMA (30 and 100 nM) induced(More)
Angiotensin II (AII) has an important role in the regulation of CRF release. In the present study, the effect of centrally administered AII on CRF messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in the rat hypothalamus was examined. Administration of 0.1 nmol and 1 nmol AII into the lateral ventricle increased the levels of plasma ACTH 20 min and 45 min after administration(More)
The establishment of an animal model with a missense mutation of presenilin-1 (PS1) is an initial step toward understanding the molecular pathogenesis of familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) and developing therapeutic strategies for the disease. We previously described a Japanese family with FAD caused by the I213T mutation of PS1, in which typical signs and(More)
Endogenous opioid peptides have a role in the regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Recently, beta-endorphin (EP) has been thought to inhibit CRF release in vivo and in vitro. In the present study we examined the effects of central administration of EP on ACTH secretion and gene expression of both CRF in the hypothalamus and POMC in the(More)
The effects of sex steroids on immunoreactive beta-endorphin (EP) release from the rat hypothalamus in vitro were examined using a rat hypothalamic perifusion system and an EP RIA. Testosterone (1-100 ng/ml) and estradiol (10-100 pg/ml) stimulated EP release in a dose-dependent manner. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA, 1-100 ng/ml) dose-dependently inhibited EP(More)
The effect of administration of Saireito, a Saiko agent, via a stomach cannula on adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) release and gene expression of proopiomelanocortin (POMC), the precursor for ACTH, in the anterior pituitary, as well as on the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in the hypothalamus, was examined in pentobarbital anesthetized rats. Saireito(More)
Administration of Saireito, a Saiko agent (a Chinese herbal drug), via a stomach cannula stimulates ACTH release and proopiomelanocortin, the precursor for ACTH, gene expression in the rat anterior pituitary. To study whether Saireito-stimulated secretion and synthesis of ACTH are mediated by hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), we examined(More)