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Streptococcus pneumoniae, one of the most common gram-positive pathogens to colonize the human upper respiratory tract, is responsible for many severe infections, including meningitis and bacteremia. A 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine is available to protect against the 23 S. pneumoniae serotypes responsible for 90% of reported bacteremic infections.(More)
A 47-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of dysarthric speech and high fever. His brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed high intensity in the splenium of the corpus callosum (SCC) on diffusion-weighted and FLAIR imaging. His chest CT showed ground-glass attenuation in bilateral lung upper lobes, and consolidation in the right lower(More)
Pneumococcal biliary tract infections (PBTIs) were reported as rare due to the bacterium's bile solubility. The purpose of this study was to determine the occurrence and clinical characteristics of PBTIs. A retrospective case series review was conducted from January 2006 to August 2014 at a tertiary referral university hospital in Japan. Patients with a(More)
BACKGROUND Although most patients of asthma can be controlled by inhaled corticosteroid (ICS), some patients remain uncontrolled even after the introduction of ICS treatment. In management of such difficult-to-treat asthma, systematic review including additional differential diagnosis and avoidance of exacerbating factors is very important. METHODS Here(More)
BACKGROUND Point prevalence surveys (PPSs) in Japanese hospitals have not yet been reported. The purpose of this pilot PPS study was to evaluate the epidemiology of health care-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use in a Japanese tertiary university hospital. METHODS A 1-day, cross-sectional PPS was performed at a Japanese university hospital.(More)
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