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Transmembrane signal transduction via heterotrimeric G proteins is reported to be inhibited by RGS (regulators of G-protein signalling) proteins. These RGS proteins work by increasing the GTPase activity of G protein alpha-subunits (G alpha), thereby driving G proteins into their inactive GDP-bound form. However, it is not known how RGS proteins regulate(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to clarify the changes in serum concentrations of 17 cytokines in healthy women during the menopausal transition by using a multiplexed cytokine assay and to clarify the associations of these cytokines with serum estradiol concentration. METHODS Sixteen premenopausal, 54 perimenopausal and 52 postmenopausal(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to clarify the association of serum cytokine concentrations, determined using a multiplexed cytokine assay, with psychological symptoms in midlife women. METHODS Fifty-three peri- and post-menopausal women with and without psychological symptoms in Greene's climacteric scale were enrolled in this study.(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to elucidate the detail profiles of circulating osteoprotegerin (OPG) and soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (sRANKL) in post-menopausal women. METHODS Eighty Japanese post-menopausal women were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Circulating OPG and free fraction of sRANKL (free sRANKL),(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC) excess causes a rapid loss of bone with a reduction in bone formation. Intermittent PTH (1-34) administration stimulates bone formation and counteracts the inhibition of bone formation by GC excess. We have previously demonstrated that mechanical strain enhances interleukin (IL)-11 gene transcription by a rapid induction of ΔFosB(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to clarify the association of serum adiponectin concentrations with serum 17beta-estradiol concentrations in pre-, peri-, and postmenopausal women. In addition, the associations of serum adiponectin with serum concentrations of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines were examined in women during the(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoprotegerin (OPG), an inhibitor of osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast activation, has been reported to be linked to vascular biology. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationships between circulating OPG and the risk factors for vascular disorders in postmenopausal women. DESIGN Eighty Japanese postmenopausal women were enrolled in(More)
BACKGROUND Changes with aging in serum gonadal hormones, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and adiponectin, which are involved in insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome, are different in men and women. We examined the relationships of serum adiponectin concentrations with serum concentrations of hormones and SHBG in men and women. METHODS One hundred(More)
Normal rat astroblasts in culture were exposed to 11 sialosyl or cholesterol derivatives at concentrations lower than 20 microM. Synthesized sialosyl cholesterols (alpha- and beta-D-N-acetyl neuraminyl cholesterols) and cholesterol sulfate showed a marked growth inhibitory action. Sialosyl cholesterol uniquely evoked an astroglia-like stellation resembling(More)