Yuka Koyama

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Absorption of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled lysozyme (FITC-lysozyme) was examined in rat small intestine. Messenger RNA of megalin, an endocytic receptor for lysozyme in the kidney, was expressed in the lower but not in the upper intestine. In in situ closed loop and recirculation methods, absorption of FITC-lysozyme from the upper intestine was much(More)
From a 1-BuOH-soluble fraction of the MeOH extract of leaves of Euodia meliaefolia, collected in Okinawa, seven megastigmane glucosides, named euodionosides A-G, were isolated together with three known megastgmane glucosides, and two aliphatic and three phenolic compounds. Their structures were elucidated through a combination of spectroscopic analyses and(More)
From a 1-BuOH-soluble fraction of a MeOH extract of the leaves of Microtropis japonica, collected in the Okinawa islands, six ent-labdane glucosides, named microtropiosides A-F, were isolated together with one known acyclic sesquiterpene glucoside. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of spectroscopic analyses, and their absolute configurations(More)
Systemic angiotensin II (Ang II) is a dipsogen in terrestrial vertebrates and seawater teleosts. In eels, Ang II acts on the area postrema, a sensory circumventricular organ (CVO) and elicits water intake but other sensory CVOs have not yet been found in the eel forebrain. To identify sensory CVOs in the forebrain, eels were peripherally injected with Evans(More)
To the Editor: Primary chest wall deformities and/or scoliosis can affect normal lung development and growth and, consequently, pulmonary health and quality of life. This condition is referred to as thoracic insufficiency syndrome (TIS), which is primarily characterized by the inability of the thorax to support normal respiration or lung growth. TIS(More)
Physical exercise is a robust stimulus that enhances hippocampal neurogenesis via cell proliferation in rodents. We examined the role of systemic angiotensin (Ang) peptides in exercise-dependent enhancement of neurogenesis in the adult rat hippocampus. Plasma angiotensin peptide concentration increased rapidly in response to 30 min of treadmill exercise.(More)
A new prenylated flavonoid (1) and two new aliphatic glycosides (2, 3) have been isolated from leaves of Euodia meliaefolia (Hance) Benth., together with three known compounds, (2R,3R)-5,7,4′-trihydroxy-8-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)dihydroflavonol 7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (phellamurin) (4), (2R,3R)-dihydroquercetin 3′-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (5), and(More)
Microtropins Q-W, (2S,3R)-2-ethyl-2,3-dihydroxybutyrate of various glucosides and glucose, as well as three ent-labdane diterpenoid glucosides, named microtropiosides G, H and I, an ursane-type triterpene diglucoside and a flavonoid glycoside were isolated from the MeOH extract of the leaves of Microtropis japonica. The structure of microtropioside A, also(More)
In order to develop potential ligands to HIV-1 antibody 2G12 toward HIV-1 vaccine, binding mechanisms of the antibody 2G12 with the glycan ligand of D-mannose and D-fructose were theoretically examined. D-Fructose, whose molecular structure is slightly different from D-mannose, has experimentally shown to have stronger binding affinity to the antibody than(More)
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