Yuka Kawamura

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During the screening of anti-influenza virus substances from traditional herbal medicines, the methanol extract from the leaves of Pogostemon cablin Benth. showed potent in vitro antiviral activity (99.8% inhibition at a concentration of 10 μg/mL) against influenza virus A/PR/8/34 (H1N1). The anti-influenza virus principle was isolated from the(More)
INTRODUCTION It has been demonstrated that single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (R325Q, 974G>A) in the gamma-glutamyl carboxylase (GGCX) gene is associated with the bone mineral density (BMD). In the present study, we investigated the effect of GGCX polymorphism (974G>A) on the correlations among the vitamin K in-take, level of serum vitamin K, and ratio of(More)
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) hydrolyzes a variety of monophosphate esters into phosphoric acid and alcohol at a high optimum pH (pH 8-10). Human ALPs are classified into four types: tissue-non specific (TNSALP, liver/bone/kidney), intestinal, placental, and germ cell types. Based on studies of hypophosphatasia (HPP), which is a systemic bone disease caused by(More)
Several genes have been implicated as genetic determinants of osteoporosis. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is an intracellular hormone receptor that specifically binds to the biologically active form of vitamin D, 1-alpha, 25- dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1, 25(OH)2D], and mediates its effects. One of the most frequently studied single nucleotide polymorphisms is the(More)
Methanolic extracts of six Saudi plants were screened for their in vitro antiviral activity using influenza virus A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) and MDCK cells in an MTT assay. The results indicated that the extracts of Adeniumobesum and Tephorosianubica possessed antiviral activity (99.3 and 93.3% inhibition at the concentration of 10 μg/ml, respectively). Based on(More)
The effects of edible mushroom Mycoleptodonoides aitchisonii on the synthesis of nerve growth factor (NGF) and neurotransmitter metabolism in rat brain were examined in Wistar strain rats fed a controlled diet for 14 days. Then each brain was dissected to detect the levels of neurotransmitters and NGF in various regions. Dopamine concentration in the(More)
The current study compared the effects of milk, yogurt or whey on the bone strength, body composition and serum biomarkers. Forty 12-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were ovariectomized (OVX), and another nine rats received a sham operation (Sham-Cont). After a 1-week recovery period, the OVX rats were divided into four dietary groups: OVX-control group(More)
Inamoto, Saitoh E, Shibata S, Kagaya H, Nakayama E, Ota K, Onogi K, Kawamura Y. Effectiveness and applicability of a specialized evaluation exercise-chair in posture adjustment for swallowing. Jpn J Compr Rehabil Sci 2014; 5: 33-39. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of a newly-developed evaluation exercise-chair, Swallow Chair (SC), in terms of simplicity,(More)
A new class of phosphorus-ylide containing conjugate heterocycle was isolated from a mixture of colored products of the reaction of a silylphosphine and dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate. The structure was determined and the selective synthesis was developed. The indigo-like bis-phosphole structure appears a green to blue color, which is derived from the low(More)
The correlation of murine leukemia virus (MuLV) infection and leukemogenesis was examined by XC plaque assay in W/F rats neonatally infected with the rat-adapted Gross virus (RAGV). Thymic lymphomas developed in 100% of infected rats, with a mean latent period of 64 days. The virus infectivity was first detected in the thymus as early as 15 days after the(More)
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