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One of the most important pathological features of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is extracellular senile plaques, whose major component is amyloid-beta peptides (Abeta). Abeta binds to the extracellular domain of p75NTR (p75 neurotrophin receptor) and induces neuronal cell death. We investigated the molecular mechanism of Abeta-induced neurotoxicity in detail(More)
Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare but important complication of cesarean section (CS). If treated inadequately, it may cause profuse life-threatening postpartum hemorrhage. We report an asymptomatic postpartum woman with uterine artery pseudoaneurysm after CS. We also provide a review of published reports of pseudoaneurysm after CS. A 31-year-old(More)
Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1), a NAD(+)-regulated deacetylase with numerous known positive effects on cellular and whole-body metabolism, is expressed in the renal cortex and medulla. It is known to have protective effects against age-related disease, including diabetes. Here we investigated the protective role of Sirt1 in diabetic renal damage. We found that Sirt1 in(More)
PURPOSE Side population (SP) cells were isolated and the possibility whether lens epithelial cells contain stem cells was investigated. METHODS Mouse lens epithelial cells were stained by Hoechst 33342 and then sorted by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). The expression of stem cell markers in sorted SP cells and the main population of epithelial(More)
Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP) substrate-1 (SHPS-1) is a transmembrane protein that binds the protein tyrosine phosphatases SHP-1 and SHP-2 through its cytoplasmic region and is expressed on the surface of CD11c(+) dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages. In this study, we show that mice that express a mutant form of(More)
SHPS-1 is a transmembrane protein that binds the protein tyrosine phosphatases SHP-1 and SHP-2 through its cytoplasmic region and is abundantly expressed on dendritic cells and macrophages. Here we show that mice expressing a mutant form of SHPS-1 fail to develop type-II collagen (CII)-induced arthritis (CIA), a model for rheumatoid arthritis in humans.(More)
Interaction of alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GalCer) presented by CD1d on dendritic cells (DCs) with the invariant TCR of NKT cells activates NKT cells. We have now investigated the role of Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase substrate-1 (SHPS-1), a transmembrane protein abundantly expressed on DCs, in regulation of NKT cells(More)
Polarized localization of membrane proteins to axons or dendrites is important for a variety of neuronal functions, including neurite outgrowth and synaptogenesis during neural development. Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP) substrate-1 (SHPS-1) and its ligand cluster of differentiation 47 (CD47), both of which are members(More)
The role of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 2 (DDAH2) in glucose metabolism is unknown. Here, we generated DDAH2 transgenic (Tg) mice. These mice had lower plasma glucose levels (60 min: 298±32 vs. 418±35 mg/dl; 120 min: 205±15 vs. 284±20 mg/dl) and higher insulin levels (15 min: 2.1±0.2 vs. 1.5±0.1 ng/ml; 30 min: 1.8±0.1 vs. 1.5±0.1 ng/ml) during(More)