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Tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) is the final common pathway in the end-stage renal disease. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is considered a major contributor to the TIF by increasing the number of myofibroblasts. Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound derived from rhizomes of Curcuma, has been shown to possess potent anti-fibrotic properties but the(More)
Although several site-specific nucleases (SSNs), such as zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/Cas, have emerged as powerful tools for targeted gene editing in many organisms, to date, gene targeting (GT) in plants remains a formidable(More)
The transition from seed dormancy to germination is triggered by environmental factors, and in pomegranate (Punica granatum) seeds higher germination percentages are achieved by warm + cold stratification rather than by cold stratification alone. Our objective was to define the pattern of internal oxidative changes in pomegranate seeds as dormancy was being(More)
Substantial evidence suggests that phenolic extracts of Castanea mollissima spiny burs (CMPE) increase pancreatic cell viability after STZ (streptozotocin) treatment as a result of their antioxidant properties. In the present study, the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities of CMPE were studied in normal and STZ-induced diabetic rats CMPE were orally(More)
Salidroside and its aglycone tyrosol are important compounds found in Rhodiola plants. In this study, callus derived from Rhodiola crenulata was induced and grown when explants were incubated on a Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing various concentrations of 6-benzyaldenine (BA), naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and thidiazuron (TDZ). Callus was easily(More)
The present study was designed to assess the potential of marrow stromal cells (MSCs) to deliver therapeutic genes to the brain and result in biologically significant functional recovery. The tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene was transfected to MSCs with an adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector. MSCs expressing TH gene were transplanted into the striatum of(More)
To understand oil mobilization in germinating seeds, we performed ultrastructural observation and proteomic analysis of endosperm in germinating Jatropha curcas seeds. Results showed that the oil mobilization was initiated during germination, and then the oil was consumed for early seedling development. The significant change in abundance of 50 protein(More)
It is crucial to select stable references in gene expression analyses using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). In this work, seven frequently used reference genes, 18S, Actin, EF1α, α-tubulin, β-tubulin, Cyclophilin and Cytoplasmic ribosomal protein L2 (L2), from Bupleurum chinense DC. were evaluated as the internal control in five tissues, roots, stems,(More)
Ischemia-Reperfusion (I/R) injury causes ROS overproduction, creating oxidative stress, and can trigger myocyte death, resulting in heart failure. Tyrosol is an antioxidant abounded in diets and medicine. Our objective was to investigate the protective effect of tyrosol on I/R-caused mortality in H9c2 cardiomyocytes through its influence on ROS, Hsp70, ERK,(More)
Jatropha curcas is an important economic plant for biodiesel, which is extracted mainly from the endosperm of its mature seeds. Despite the morphological and functional differences between the embryo and endosperm, proteomic characteristics of the two tissues are not yet known. Similar proteomic profiles were observed in the two-dimensional gel(More)