Learn More
Mitochondrial Ca(2+) homeostasis is fundamental to regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential, ATP production, and cellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. It has been known for decades that isolated mitochondria can take up Ca(2+) from the extramitochondrial solution, but the molecular identity of the Ca(2+) channels involved in this action is largely unknown.(More)
Sonic hedgehog (Shh), both as a mitogen and as a morphogen, plays an important role in cell proliferation and differentiation during early development. Here, we show that Shh inhibits glutamate transporter activities in neurons, rapidly enhances extracellular glutamate levels, and affects the development of epilepsy. Shh is quickly released in response to(More)
Sonic hedgehog (SHH) as a secreted protein is important for neuronal development in the central nervous system (CNS). However, the mechanism about SHH release remains largely unknown. Here, we showed that SHH was expressed mainly in the synaptic vesicles of hippocampus in both young postnatal and adult rats. High, but not low, frequency stimulation, induces(More)
  • 1