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Effects of scheduled exposures to novel environment with a running-wheel were examined on re-entrainment to 8 h shifted light-dark (LD) cycles of mouse circadian rhythms in locomotor activity and clock gene, Per1, expression in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and peripheral tissues. Per1 expression was monitored by a bioluminescence reporter introduced(More)
Effects of two different light intensities during daytime were examined on human circadian rhythms in plasma melatonin, core body temperature, and wrist activity under a fixed sleep schedule. Sleep qualities as indicated by polysomnography and subjective sleepiness were also measured. In the first week, under dim light conditions ( approximately 10 lx), the(More)
Effects of timed physical exercise were examined on the reentrainment of sleep-wake cycle and circadian rhythms to an 8-h phase-advanced sleep schedule. Seventeen male adults spent 12 days in a temporal isolation facility with dim light conditions (<10 lux). The sleep schedule was phase-advanced by 8 h from their habitual sleep times for 4 days, which was(More)
Entrainment of circadian behavior rhythms by daily exposure to a running wheel was examined in mice under constant darkness. Spontaneous movement was individually monitored for more than 6 mo by a thermal sensor. After establishment of steady-state free running, mice were placed in a different cage equipped with a running-wheel for 3 h once per day at 6 AM.(More)
Cryptochrome 1 and 2 (Cry1 and Cry2) are considered essential for generating circadian rhythms in mammals. The role of Cry1 and Cry2 in circadian rhythm expression and acute light-induced suppression of pineal melatonin was assessed using Cry1 and Cry2 double-deficient mice (Cry1(-/-) /Cry2(-/-) ) developed from the C3H strain that synthesizes melatonin. We(More)
Our previous study demonstrated that physical exercise under dim lights (<10 lux) accelerated reentrainment of the sleep-wake cycle but not the circadian melatonin rhythm to an 8-h phase-advanced sleep schedule, indicating differential effects of physical exercise on the human circadian system. The present study examined the effects of bright light (>5,000(More)
Maternal rhythms entrain the prenatal and neonatal circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) before light entrainment is established. However, the responsible time cues for maternal entrainment are not identified. To examine the role of cyclic changes of ambient temperature in maternal entrainment, blind neonatal rats carrying a clock gene (Per2)(More)
In humans, studies using temporal isolation unit have indicated that (1) bright light is a dominant zeitgeber in human circadian systems and (2) period of endogenous circadian rhythms is longer than 24 h. The human circadian systems have at least two unique features. First is an internal desynchronization in which period of core body temperature rhythm and(More)
To determine the effect of aging on the cardiovascular response to postural change, we examined the cardiovascular sympathetic and parasympathetic response to active standing in 610 healthy Japanese subject (6-83 years) measuring the initial heart rate (HR) response for 3 min in the supine and standing position, we also measured the coefficient of variation(More)
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