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Numerous transport protocols have been proposed in related work for use by mobile hosts over wireless environments. A common theme among the design of such protocols is that they specifically address the distinct characteristics of the last-hop wireless link, such as random wireless errors, round-trip time variations, blackouts, handoffs, etc. In this(More)
— Correlation of data sent by different sensors in a wireless sensor network can be exploited during the data gathering process to improve energy efficiency. In this paper, we study the energy efficiency of correlation aware data aggregation trees under various sensor network conditions and the tradeoffs involved in using them. The following two related(More)
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are typically characterized by a limited energy supply at sensor nodes. Hence, energy efficiency is an important issue in the system design and operation of WSNs. In this paper, we introduce a novel communication paradigm that enables energy-efficient information delivery in wireless sensor networks. Compared with traditional(More)
Sensors-to-sink data in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are typically correlated with each other. Exploiting such correlation when performing data aggregation can result in considerable improvements in the bandwidth and energy performance of WSNs. In order to exploit such correlation, we present a scalable and distributed correlation-aware aggregation(More)
This work enables an elegant bottom-up solution to engineer 3D microbattery arrays as integral power sources for microelectronics. Thus, multilayers of functional materials were hierarchically architectured over tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) templates that were genetically modified to self-assemble in a vertical manner on current-collectors, so that optimum(More)
Slow delayed rectifier potassium current (IKs) is important in action potential (AP) repolarization and repolarization reserve. We tested the hypothesis that there are sex-specific differences in IKs, AP, and their regulation by β-adrenergic receptors (β-AR’s) using whole-cell patch-clamp. AP duration (APD90) was significantly longer in control female (F)(More)
Picrotoxin is a plant alkaloid that is often used to block the activity of neuronal GABA and glycine receptors. However, the mechanism by which picrotoxin inhibits these receptors is still in debate. In this study, we investigated the picrotoxin inhibition on perch-rho subunits expressed heterologously in Xenopus laevis oocytes, and on native GABA(C)(More)
Sepsis is regarded as arising from an unusual systemic response to infection but the physiopathology of sepsis remains elusive. At present, sepsis is still a fatal condition with delayed diagnosis and a poor outcome. Many biomarkers have been reported in clinical application for patients with sepsis, and claimed to improve the diagnosis and treatment.(More)
A long QT mutation in the cardiac sodium channel, D1790G (DG), shows enhanced flecainide use-dependent block (UDB). The relative importance of open and inactivated states of the channel in flecainide UDB has been controversial. We used a modifiable, inactivation-deficient mutant channel that contains the F1486C mutation in the IFM motif to investigate the(More)
Designed as a high-capacity alloy host for Na-ion chemistry, a forest of Sn nanorods with a unique core-shell structure was synthesized on viral scaffolds, which were genetically engineered to ensure a nearly vertical alignment upon self-assembly onto a metal substrate. The interdigital spaces thus formed between individual rods effectively accommodated the(More)