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Numerous transport protocols have been proposed in related work for use by mobile hosts over wireless environments. A common theme among the design of such protocols is that they specifically address the distinct characteristics of the last-hop wireless link, such as random wireless errors, round-trip time variations, blackouts, handoffs, etc. In this(More)
— Correlation of data sent by different sensors in a wireless sensor network can be exploited during the data gathering process to improve energy efficiency. In this paper, we study the energy efficiency of correlation aware data aggregation trees under various sensor network conditions and the tradeoffs involved in using them. The following two related(More)
Sensors-to-sink data in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are typically characterized by correlation along the spatial, semantic, and/or temporal dimensions. Exploiting such correlation when performing data aggregation can result in considerable improvements in the bandwidth and energy performance of WSNs. In this paper, we first identify that most of the(More)
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are typically characterized by a limited energy supply at sensor nodes. Hence, energy efficiency is an important issue in the system design and operation of WSNs. In this paper, we introduce a novel communication paradigm that enables energy-efficient information delivery in wireless sensor networks. Compared with traditional(More)
— In this paper we consider TCP based applications that use bandwidth guarantees, but can also benefit from any additional best-effort service offered by the network. We show that default TCP cannot offer such applications the aggregate throughput offered by the two services. We propose an adaptation of TCP called GTCP that uses changes to TCP's congestion(More)
Sepsis is regarded as arising from an unusual systemic response to infection but the physiopathology of sepsis remains elusive. At present, sepsis is still a fatal condition with delayed diagnosis and a poor outcome. Many biomarkers have been reported in clinical application for patients with sepsis, and claimed to improve the diagnosis and treatment.(More)
Slow delayed rectifier potassium current (IKs) is important in action potential (AP) repolarization and repolarization reserve. We tested the hypothesis that there are sex-specific differences in IKs, AP, and their regulation by β-adrenergic receptors (β-AR’s) using whole-cell patch-clamp. AP duration (APD90) was significantly longer in control female (F)(More)
GABAC receptors, expressed predominately in vertebrate retina, are thought to be formed mainly by GABA rho subunits, each of which exhibits distinct physiological and pharmacological properties. In this study, the receptors formed by perch GABA rho subunits were expressed in HEK cells, and their single channel conductances were determined using noise(More)
Picrotoxin is a plant alkaloid that is often used to block the activity of neuronal GABA and glycine receptors. However, the mechanism by which picrotoxin inhibits these receptors is still in debate. In this study, we investigated the picrotoxin inhibition on perch-rho subunits expressed heterologously in Xenopus laevis oocytes, and on native GABA(C)(More)
Complex multi-lamellar structures play a critical role in biological systems, where they are present as lamellar bodies, and as part of biological assemblies that control energy transduction processes. Multi-lamellar lipid layers not only provide interesting systems for fundamental research on membrane structure and bilayer-associated polypeptides, but can(More)