Yuji Toiyama

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OBJECTIVE Distant metastasis is the major cause of cancer-related death in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Although the microRNA-200 (miR-200) family is a crucial inhibitor of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human cancer, the role of miR-200 members in the pathogenesis of metastatic CRC has not been investigated. DESIGN Fifty-four(More)
Cancer stem cells are associated with metastatic potential, treatment resistance, and poor patient prognosis. Distant recurrence remains the major cause of mortality in rectal cancer patients with preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT). We investigated the role of three stem cell markers (CD133, OCT4, and SOX2) in rectal cancer and evaluated the association(More)
The treatment of metastatic gastric cancer is not uniform, and the prognostic factors and indications for surgery are currently unclear. This retrospective study aimed to identify the prognostic factors and clinical indications for surgery in patients with metastatic gastric cancer. A total of 123 consecutive patients with gastric cancer and synchronous(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the ability of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-related microRNAs (miRNAs) as serum biomarkers for prognosis and prediction of metastasis in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). BACKGROUND Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-related miRNAs drive CRC progression and metastasis. However, their potential as serum biomarkers in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nearly 20% of the global cancer burden can be linked to infectious agents. Fusobacterium nucleatum promotes tumor formation by epithelial cells via unclear mechanisms. We aimed to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) induced by F nucleatum and evaluate their ability to promote colorectal carcinogenesis in mice. METHODS Colorectal cancer (CRC)(More)
AIM Development of robust prognostic and/or predictive biomarkers in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) is imperative for advancing treatment strategies for this disease. We aimed to determine whether expression status of certain miRNAs might have prognostic/predictive value in CRC patients treated with conventional cytotoxic chemotherapies. METHODS We(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) promotes and facilitates migration and invasion of epithelial tumor cells. EMT is induced by factors such as hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). This study aimed to establish whether the HGF/c-Met pathway is associated with gastric cancer metastasis; especially peritoneal dissemination. HGF and c-Met expression and(More)
BACKGROUND Distant metastasis is the major cause of mortality in colorectal cancer (CRC). We performed a systemic, comprehensive discovery for expression patterns of metastasis-specific microRNAs (miRNAs) by directly comparing primary CRCs (pCRCs) and matched liver metastases (LMs) and evaluated the feasibility of their clinical application as(More)
AIMS To establish a causal relationship between the gene expression profiles of angiogenetic molecular markers, including epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), in rectal cancer and the local responsiveness to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and subsequent disease recurrence.(More)
Metastasis is a major cause of death in patients with gastric cancer (GC). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) relating to the epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) control GC progression and metastasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum EMT-associated miRNAs for metastatic and prognostic noninvasive biomarkers in GC. In the first step of this study (preliminary(More)