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We analyzed mRNA expression of the flt3 gene in 30 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 50 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), expression of flt3 was observed in 61 patients; 22 (73%) with AML and 39 (78%) with ALL. Among these, five patients with AML (one M2, two M4, and two M5)(More)
PURPOSE The immunogenic characterization of amniotic membrane is still unknown. This study was designed to examine the immunogenicity of human amniotic membrane, by using experimental xenotransplantation models. METHODS Anti-human class I, class II, and Fas ligand monoclonal antibodies were used against cryopreserved amniotic membrane and cell viability(More)
To clarify whether the expression of the WT1 gene in leukemic cells is aberrant or merely reflects that in normal counterparts, the expression levels of the WT1 gene were quantitated for normal hematopoietic progenitor cells. Bone marrow (BM) and umbilical cord blood (CB) cells were fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS)-sorted into CD34+ and CD34- cell(More)
The clinical usefulness of L-methyl-11C-methionine positron emission tomography (11C-MET PET) and thallium-201 single photon emission computed tomography (201T1 SPECT) for distinguishing glioma recurrence from radiation-induced changes was evaluated. Ten patients with lesions highly suggestive of recurrent glioma on magnetic resonance imaging underwent(More)
The fate of orthotopic corneal transplants has been studied in inbred strains of mice. Using a surgical technique that achieves > 95% success of syngeneic cornea grafts, it was determined that a high proportion of orthotopic cornea allografts were accepted indefinitely, irrespective of the degree of immunogenetic disparity between graft donor and recipient.(More)
Leukocytes, particularly neutrophils, infiltrate into female genital organs after ovulation in both humans and mice. In mice, a female sexual cycle consists of 5 phases: proestrus, estrus, metestrus-1, metestrus-2, and diestrus. Ovulation occurs at estrus; at metestrus-2, a large number of neutrophils infiltrate into the vaginal epithelium accompanied by an(More)
The development and cytoarchitectures of liver hematopoiesis in the mouse from 10 to 19 days of gestation were examined by light and electron microscopy. In fetal liver hematopoiesis, four stages were identified: Stage I, the onset of hematopoiesis at 10 days; Stage II, expansion of the volume of the hematopoietic compartment at 11 and 12 days; Stage III,(More)
We screened mutations of two major tumor suppressor genes, p53 and PTEN, in 66 human brain tumors using a yeast-based functional assay and cDNA-based direct sequencing, respectively. The frequency of p53 mutations was 28.8% (19 of 66) and was higher in anaplastic astrocytoma (9 of 14, 64.3%,) than in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM; 7 of 27, 25.9%,),(More)
In this study, we examined a large number of patients to clarify the distribution and frequency of a recently described FLT3 tandem duplication among hematopoietic malignancies, including 112 acute myelocytic leukemia (AML), 55 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 37 myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), 20 chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), 30 non-Hodgkin’s(More)
We studied the effects of recombinant human interleukin-4 (IL-4) on colony formation by enriched hematopoietic progenitors. IL-4 alone did not support colony formation at all. When IL-4 was combined with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), the number of pure neutrophil colonies increased three times over that supported by G-CSF alone. IL-4 added(More)