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The closure of skin wounds is essential for resistance against microbial pathogens, and keratinocyte migration is an important step in skin wound healing. Cathelicidin hCAP18/LL-37 is an innate antimicrobial peptide that is expressed in the skin and acts to eliminate microbial pathogens. Because hCAP18/LL-37 is up-regulated at skin wound sites, we(More)
Pemphigus is an autoimmune blistering disease with two major subtypes, pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and pemphigus foliaceus (PF). Patients with pemphigus have circulating antidesmoglein (Dsg)1 and/or anti-Dsg3 IgG autoantibodies. We have previously developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) using recombinant Dsg1 and Dsg3 expressed by baculovirus as a(More)
IL-20 cytokine subfamily members, including IL-19, IL-20, and IL-24, are highly expressed in psoriatic skin lesions. Here, we demonstrate that psoriasis mediators IL-17 and IL-22 synergistically induce the production of IL-20 subfamily proteins in cultured human keratinocytes. Interestingly, expression of the IL-22 receptor (IL-22R) also increased in(More)
Hair follicle regeneration involves epithelial-mesenchymal interactions (EMIs) of follicular epithelial and dermal papilla (DP) cells. Co-grafting of those cellular components from mice allows complete hair reconstitution. However, regeneration of human hair in a similar manner has not been reported. Here, we investigated the possibility of cell-based hair(More)
The role of angiotensin II (Ang II) in the control of systemic blood pressure and volume homeostasis is well known and has been extensively studied. Recently, Ang II was suggested to also have a function in skin wound healing. In the present study, the in vivo function of Ang II in skin wound healing was investigated using Ang II type 1 receptor (AT1R)(More)
To examine the transforming potential of the X gene product of hepatitis B virus (HBV), the X-gene-containing region (referred to as the HBx region) was introduced into mouse NIH3T3 cells. Each transformed cell line expressed X-coding mRNA at a different level. A positive correlation was found between the level of X-coding mRNA and the saturation density of(More)
Keratinocyte proliferation and migration are essential to cutaneous wound healing and are, in part, mediated in an autocrine fashion by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-ligand interactions. EGFR ligands are initially synthesized as membrane-anchored forms, but can be processed and shed as soluble forms. We provide evidence here that wound stimuli(More)
The function of the X gene was clarified by examination of the transient production of hepatitis B virus (HBV) particles by transfected recombinant HBV DNA (pHBV-3 DNA) and its frameshift mutant (delta X) of the X open reading frame into hepatocellular carcinoma HuH-7 and HepG2 cells. No reduction of viral mRNAs was observed in the HuH-7 cells by the delta(More)
An in vitro system for the production of hepatitis B virus (HBV) particles was established by the transient expression of transfected HBV DNA using a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell, HuH-7, as a recipient. The 3.6- and 2.2-kilobase transcripts observed were similar to those in virus-infected liver cells. Both transcripts revealed the microheterogeneity(More)
An anticonvulsant, carbamazepine (CBZ), is known to show incidences of cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs) including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS). To identify a gene(s) susceptible to CBZ-induced cADRs, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 53(More)