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Pemphigus is an autoimmune blistering disease with two major subtypes, pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and pemphigus foliaceus (PF). Patients with pemphigus have circulating antidesmoglein (Dsg)1 and/or anti-Dsg3 IgG autoantibodies. We have previously developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) using recombinant Dsg1 and Dsg3 expressed by baculovirus as a(More)
The closure of skin wounds is essential for resistance against microbial pathogens, and keratinocyte migration is an important step in skin wound healing. Cathelicidin hCAP18/LL-37 is an innate antimicrobial peptide that is expressed in the skin and acts to eliminate microbial pathogens. Because hCAP18/LL-37 is up-regulated at skin wound sites, we(More)
The role of angiotensin II (Ang II) in the control of systemic blood pressure and volume homeostasis is well known and has been extensively studied. Recently, Ang II was suggested to also have a function in skin wound healing. In the present study, the in vivo function of Ang II in skin wound healing was investigated using Ang II type 1 receptor (AT1R)(More)
An in vitro system for the production of hepatitis B virus (HBV) particles was established by the transient expression of transfected HBV DNA using a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell, HuH-7, as a recipient. The 3.6- and 2.2-kilobase transcripts observed were similar to those in virus-infected liver cells. Both transcripts revealed the microheterogeneity(More)
BACKGROUND Living skin equivalents (LSEs) are being used to treat burn wounds, skin defects, and chronic wounds, and today, several biomaterials are applied as dermal matrices in LSEs. The amnionic membrane (AM) is known to have useful properties as a dermal matrix and can be used to construct a LSE. OBJECTIVE To develop a new LSE with human AM as the(More)
Hair follicle regeneration involves epithelial-mesenchymal interactions (EMIs) of follicular epithelial and dermal papilla (DP) cells. Co-grafting of those cellular components from mice allows complete hair reconstitution. However, regeneration of human hair in a similar manner has not been reported. Here, we investigated the possibility of cell-based hair(More)
Toll-like receptor (TLR)3 is a receptor for virus-associated double-stranded RNA, and triggers antiviral immune responses during viral infection. Epidermal keratinocytes express TLR3 and provide an innate immune defense against viral infection. Since the intracellular regulatory mechanism is unknown, we hypothesized that the signal transducers and(More)
An anticonvulsant, carbamazepine (CBZ), is known to show incidences of cutaneous adverse drug reactions (cADRs) including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS). To identify a gene(s) susceptible to CBZ-induced cADRs, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 53(More)
Keratinocyte proliferation and migration are essential to cutaneous wound healing and are, in part, mediated in an autocrine fashion by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-ligand interactions. EGFR ligands are initially synthesized as membrane-anchored forms, but can be processed and shed as soluble forms. We provide evidence here that wound stimuli(More)
Members of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family are the most important growth factors involved in epithelialization during cutaneous wound healing. Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF), a member of the EGF family, is thought to play an important role in skin wound healing. To investigate the in vivo function of HB-EGF in skin wound healing,(More)