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Pig oocytes were examined to test their ability to undergo cortical granule exocytosis upon penetration by spermatozoa during meiotic maturation. Immature or maturing oocytes (cultured in vitro for 0 h, 26 h and 46 h) were inseminated with ejaculated boar spermatozoa in vitro. Before and after insemination, oocytes were stained with peanut agglutinin(More)
In Exp. 1 pig oocytes matured in vitro were used to evaluate the fertilizability in vitro of frozen epididymal (4 boars) and ejaculated (3 boars) spermatozoa that were preincubated in modified TCM-199 for 4 h at 37 degrees C. The percentages of penetrated oocytes with the frozen epididymal spermatozoa were 0-40%. In contrast, none of the oocytes were(More)
Bovine immature oocytes do not have the ability to block polyspermic penetration. The present study was conducted to determine whether this is correlated to cortical granule (CG) distribution and the competence of oocytes to release CG upon sperm penetration, and whether the ability of bovine oocytes to release CG develops during in vitro maturation.(More)
Polyspermy is one of the unresolved problems that exist regarding pig oocytes matured and inseminated in vitro. Quantitative study of the changes in the cortical granule (CG) population in oocytes is essential for understanding the mechanism of how oocytes block polyspermic penetration and for developing the optimum conditions for in vitro maturation (IVM)(More)
Bovine oocytes were vitrified (V-oocytes) or frozen slowly (S-oocytes) at the germinal vesicle (GV) stage or after maturation in vitro (IVM) and their survival assessed morphologically and also by in vitro fertilization (IVF) and culture. The morphological survival of S-oocytes was 30.7% after freezing at the GV stage and 53.3% after IVM. The corresponding(More)
Bovine oocytes were collected from ovaries obtained from an abattoir. They were classified according to the character of the cumulus cells using a stereomicroscope, and cultured in 25 mM Hepes buffered Tissue Culture Medium 199 supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum at 39 degrees C and inseminated by capacitated sperm. Maturation rates of Class A oocytes,(More)
We investigated the effect of cumulus and granulosa cells (follicle cells) on in vitro fertilization of pig follicular oocytes matured in vitro. Oocytes surrounded by cumulus and connected with a piece of parietal granulosa cells (complexes) were matured in vitro for 46hours and were then divided into 4 groups: Group I oocytes were surrounded by expanded(More)
Early bovine embryos were obtained by in vitro fertilization and sexing carried out by chromosome analysis. Separation of bovine X- and Y-bearing spermatozoa was performed using Percoll density gradient centrifugation and the enrichment of X-sperm proportion was investigated. Through treatment with vinblastin sulfate and podophyllotoxin, 880 (48.6%) of 1812(More)
We describe the clinical course of a 16-year-old baseball player with a history of recurrent hematoma of the thigh. The lesion was aspirated percutaneously several times and curetted under the diagnosis of traumatic hematoma. Microscopical examination revealed massive hemorrhage, necrosis, and a small number of Ewing’s sarcoma cells. He died of multiple(More)
The present study was conducted to examine distributional changes of cortical granules (CGs) during meiotic maturation and fertilisation in vitro and the developmental ability in bovine oocytes classified by cumulus cells. The oocytes were classified by the morphology of their cumulus cell layers as follows: class A, compact and thick; class B, compact but(More)