Yuji Shimada

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Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid found in beef, lamb, and dairy products. CLA has attracted considerable attention over the past several decades because of its potentially beneficial biological effects, including protective effects against several cancers, atherosclerosis, and obesity. Here we(More)
With the aim of developing a new cholesterol esterase for eliminating lipids on used contact lenses, microorganisms were screened for the enzyme activity. A Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from soil was found to produce a desirable enzyme. The enzyme had an isoelectric point of 3.2, and molecular mass of 58 kDa. The optimal temperature was around 53 degrees(More)
6-O-Eicosapentaenoyl l-ascorbate (EPA-AsA) was synthesized through condensation of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and l-ascorbic acid in acetone using immobilized lipase from Candida antarctica, Chirazyme l-2. The maximum yield of 47% was attained with 620 mmol EPA and 0.125 mmol l-ascorbic acid in 2.5 ml acetone dehydrated by molecular sieves at 55 °C. More(More)
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid, has attracted considerable attention because of its potentially beneficial biologic effects both in vitro and in vivo. Our results clearly show the specific action of the 10trans,12cis-CLA isomer against hyperlipidemia and obesity in obese Otsuka Long-Evans(More)
A mixture of oil/ethanol (1∶3, w/w) was shaken at 30°C with 4% immobilized Candida antarctica lipase by weight of the reaction mixture. The reaction regiospecifically converted FA at the 1- and 3-positions to FA ethyl esters, and the lipase acted on C14−C24 FA to a similar degree. The content of 2-MAG reached a maximum after 4 h; the content was 28–29 mol%(More)
A mixture of conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) was prepared by alkali conjugation of high purity linoleic acid. The preparation contained 45.1 wt% cis-9, trans-11 (c9,t11)-CLA, 46.8 wt% trans-10, cis-12 (t10,c12)-CLA, and 5.3 wt% other CLAs. A process comprising Candida rugosa lipase-catalyzed selective esterification with lauryl alcohol, molecular(More)
A new form of Geotrichum candidum lipase with a unique positional specificity was found to exist in the culture broth as a minor component together with the well-documented major form. Unlike the major form, which cleaves both the inside and outside ester bonds of triglyceride indiscriminately, the newly isolated form showed some preference for the inside(More)
Candida antarctica lipase has generally been known to be nonregiospecific. This report, however, showed that its regiospecificity was linearly correlated to the index of polarity of the reaction mixture, which was calculated based on the dielectric constant of the components. Thus, it was strongly indicated that the regiospecificity depended on the polarity(More)
A new component of Geotrichum candidum lipase with a unique positional specificity was isolated from culture broth together with a known major component. The purification included DEAE-Sephadex A-50 ion exchange chromatography. Sephadex G-100 gel filtration, and Butyl Toyopearl 650S hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The newly isolated component,(More)
A mutant plasmid, pX, derived from the 1453 base pair small plasmid, YARp1 (or TRP1 RI circle), consists of 849 base pairs of DNA bearing the TRP1 gene and the ARS1 sequence of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and, unlike YARp1 and other commonly used yeast plasmids, highly multimerizes in a S. cerevisiae host. The multimerization of pX was dependent on RAD52,(More)