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Thraustochytrids, unicellular eukaryotic marine protists, accumulate polyunsaturated fatty acids. Here, we report the molecular cloning and functional characterization of two fatty acid elongase genes (designated tselo1 and tselo2), which could be involved in the desaturase/elongase (standard) pathway in Thraustochytrium sp. ATCC 26185. TsELO1, the product(More)
Thraustochytrids are known to synthesize PUFAs such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Accumulating evidence suggests the presence of two synthetic pathways of PUFAs in thraustochytrids: the polyketide synthase-like (PUFA synthase) and desaturase/elongase (standard) pathways. It remains unclear whether the latter pathway functions in thraustochytrids. In this(More)
Thraustochytrids, marine protists known to accumulate polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in lipid droplets, are considered an alternative to fish oils as a source of PUFAs. The major fatty acids produced in thraustochytrids are palmitic acid (C(16:0)), n - 6 docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) (C(22:5)(n) (- 6)), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (C(22:6)(n) (- 3)),(More)
Heterotrophic marine protists known as thraustochytrids can synthesize polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The biosynthetic pathways of PUFAs in thraustochytrids are poorly understood, however. In this study, we attempted to reveal the enzymes involved in DHA synthesis in thraustochytrids. Nine thraustochytrid strains(More)
Extracellular enzymes produced by six strains of thraustochytrids, Thraustochytrium, Schizochytrium, and Aurantiochytrium, were investigated. These strains produced 5 to 8 kinds of the extracellular enzymes, depending on the species. Only the genus Thraustochytrium produced amylase. When insoluble cellulose was used as substrate, cellulase was not detected(More)
A versatile transformation system for thraustochytrids, a promising producer for polyunsaturated fatty acids and fatty acid-derived fuels, was established. G418, hygromycin B, blasticidin, and zeocin inhibited the growth of thraustochytrids, indicating that multiple selectable marker genes could be used in the transformation system. A neomycin resistance(More)
Thraustochytrium aureum ATCC 34304 was grown in the presence and absence of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (Tween 80). The aim of this work was to obtain basic knowledge about the effect of Tween 80 on growth, lipid accumulation and fatty acid composition in T. aureum. The addition of Tween 80 to a culture medium significantly enhanced the growth of T.(More)
The growth, lipid content, and fatty acid composition of Aurantiochytrium sp. strain mh0186 at different temperatures were investigated. Strain mh0186 grew well at 15-30 degrees C, but weakly at 10 degrees C. The biomass at 15-30 degrees C was significantly higher than at 10 and 35 degrees C, and the total lipid at 15-35 degrees C was significantly higher(More)
The inhibitory effect of amphotericin B (AMPH) on the growth of fungi during the isolation of thraustochytrids was examined. The growth of fungi was significantly inhibited by addition of AMPH, and therefore colonies of thraustochytrids were not overlaid with fungal mycelia, which resulted in increased efficiency of thraustochytrids isolation.
To examine the effect of cold shock treatment on the fatty acid composition of Aurantiochytrium limacinum strain mh0186, a marine thraustochytrid, we cultivated this strain at 28°C for 72 h with shaking and stored the obtained biomass at 10°C for 72 h. A growth experiment was carried out for comparison, wherein strain mh0186 was grown at 10 and 15°C for 72(More)