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To clarify the possible mechanism of non-genotoxic hepatocarcinogenesis induced by piperonyl butoxide (PBO), male F344 rats were administered an i.p. injection of N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN) to initiate hepatocarcinogenesis. Two weeks later, the rats were administered a PBO-containing (0, 1, or 2%) diet for 6 weeks and subjected to a two-third partial(More)
Early full-term pregnancy affords lifetime protection against the development of breast cancer. Parity-induced protection can be reproduced in a carcinogen-induced rat mammary carcinoma model, but the molecular mechanisms of this protection against carcinogenic stimuli in rat mammary glands have not been fully characterized. To gain a better understanding(More)
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by combined pathology of steatosis, lobular inflammation, fibrosis, and hepatocellular degeneration, with systemic symptoms of diabetes or hyperlipidemia, all in the absence of alcohol abuse. Given the therapeutic importance and conflicting findings regarding the potential for healing the histopathologic(More)
In our previous study, microarray analysis was performed on N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-induced forestomach tumors in transgenic mice carrying the human prototype c-Ha-ras gene (ras H2 mice). Ras-MAPK related genes, including the transgene and mouse endogenous ras genes, that are involved in enhanced carcinogenesis were up-regulated in these tumors. In the(More)
Microarray and RT-PCR analyses were performed for the transgene and Ras-related genes in forestomach squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) in rasH2 mice; these results were compared with our previous molecular data of N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-induced forestomach SCCs and urethane-induced lung adenomas in rasH2 mice.(More)
 · Background: The sequential retinal changes in Syrian golden hamsters induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) have not been studied. · Methods: Female hamsters received a single intraperitoneal injection of 90 mg/kg MNU at 50 days of age, and the retina was examined light and electron microscopically, immunohistochemically and by the TdT-mediated(More)
Cysticercus tenuicollis, the larval form of Taenia hydatigena, was observed in a 5-year-old male cynomolgus monkey used in a toxicity study for a safety assessment of a pharmaceutical. The animal was born and raised in a primate colony in China. A pale yellow cyst filled with more than 100ml of pale yellow fluid was found in the abdominal cavity in the(More)
After a 4-year-old female laboratory cynomolgus monkey manifested neurological abnormalities, including tetanic spasm, after intramuscular injection of 20 mg/kg ketamine, we administered 2 mg/kg xylazine in an attempt to control the seizure. However, the animal continued to display opisthotonus, nystagmus, and symptomatic epilepsia. Analysis of blood(More)
A sex pheromone ofAscogaster reticulatus Watanabe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), identified as (Z)-9-hexadecenal, elicits males' antennal matesearching behavior. In order to localize the source of sex pheromone production, each body part was separated and extracted with hexane and then subjected to 9-cm Petri dish bioassay. The highest activity was found in(More)