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Advanced prostate cancer frequently involves the bone that has the largest content of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). However, the role of bone-derived IGFs in bone metastasis of prostate cancer has not been studied extensively because of the lack of a reliable animal model. Therefore, we investigated whether a novel antibody directed against human(More)
The mechanism of inhibition of cell growth by deoxyspergualin was studied using mouse mammary carcinoma FM3A cells. Results of studies using deoxyspergualin analogues showed that both the guanidinoheptanate amide and glyoxyspermidine moieties of deoxyspergualin were necessary to cause inhibition of cell growth. When deoxyspergualin was added to the medium,(More)
Environmental stimuli, such as organ-specific growth factors, can influence the metastatic potential of a tumor. The liver is the main source of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). The importance of IGF signal in hepatic metastasis has been clarified mainly by IGF-I receptor targeting strategies. This study aims to confirm these precedent reports by novel(More)
BACKGROUND Immediate- and late-phase reactions are associated with nasal symptoms of patients with allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVE To examine the symptoms and mediators released after continuous allergen exposure in an environmental challenge chamber (ECC). METHODS Fifteen patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis were enrolled in this study and continuously(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a heterogeneous disease of uncertain pathogenesis. Memory T cells acquire additional functions during the secondary response and play important roles in chronic inflammation. OBJECTIVE To investigate characteristics of tissue memory CD4(+) T cells obtained from patients with noneosinophilic(More)
Cleavage of the extracellular matrix (ECM) by proteolysis unmasks cryptic sites and generates novel fragments with biological activities functionally distinct from those of the intact ECM molecule. The laminin G-like (LG)4-5 fragment has been shown to be excised from the laminin alpha4 chain in various tissues. However, the functional role of this fragment(More)
The mitochondrial and cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP: oxaloacetate carboxy-lyase(transphosphorylating), EC 4.1.1.32) occurring in the bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) liver were studied. The enzymes in th two intracellular compartments of both tadpole and adult frog liver were immunologically identical. Both radioactively-labelled forms of the(More)
The rates of synthesis and degradation of mitochondrial phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP: oxaloacetate carboxy-lyase (transphosphorylating), EC 4.1.1.32) in the liver of tadpoles in the two developmental stages (stages VIII and XXII), and in those treated with 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine, were studied by immunochemical techniques. The rate of synthesis of(More)
1. The heterogeneity of liver mitochondria of the tadpoles, Rana catesbeiana, undergoing metamorphosis was investigated by a combination of pulse-chase labeling of mitochondria with [methyl-3H]thymidine and centrifugation of mitochondria on a density gradient of metrizamide. 2. The liver mitochondria of tadpole at premetamorphic stage are separated into two(More)
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