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BACKGROUND Many types of fermented food are consumed in Japan. Although some are produced by plant-origin lactic-acid bacteria (LAB) fermentation, the physiological functions of such bacteria remain unclear. We therefore isolated LAB of plant origin from Kyoto pickles and determined the immunological activity of heat-killed preparations of plant-origin LAB.(More)
Induction of xenobiotics metabolizing enzymes is related to the formation and chemoprevention of cancer. Since cytochrome P450s (CYPs) including CYP1A subfamily metabolize certain pro-carcinogens to their ultimate forms, down-regulation of CYP1As by food factors leads to the prevention of cancer. Mushroom polysaccharides, especially beta-glucans such as(More)
To investigate the effects of lentinan from Lentinas edodes and polysaccharides from Agaricus blazei (ABPS) on the expression of cytochrome P450s (CYPs), lentinan (10 mg/kg/day) or ABPS (200 mg/kg/day) was administered to female BALB/c mice four times every other day by intraperitoneal injection. Lentinan and ABPS suppressed both the constitutive and(More)
We investigated the anti-tumor effects of a dry powder preparation of the antlered form of Ganoderma lucidum (G. lucidum AF, rokkaku-reishi in Japanese), a variant type of G. lucidum, not only in allogeneic Sarcoma 180-bearing ddY mice, but also in syngeneic MM 46-bearing C3H/He mice. G. lucidum AF inhibited tumor growth and elongated the life span when(More)
We examined the alleviation of cyclophosphamide-induced immunodepression by the antlered form of Ganoderma lucidum (G. lucidum AF) and also evaluated the anti-tumor and anti-metastatic effects of G. lucidum AF in cyclophosphamide-treated mice. G. lucidum AF alleviated cyclophosphamide-induced decrease in body weight, natural killer (NK) activity, interferon(More)
3-Amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-1) is known as a dietary carcinogen and it requires metabolic activation by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A subfamily to have carcinogenicity. On the other hand, our previous report demonstrated that Trp-P-1 induces apoptosis in primary cultured rat hepatocytes, but the metabolically activated Trp-P-1 added(More)
The immunological functions of Ganoderma lucidum antlered form (AF) (Rokkaku-Reishi in Japanese), a variant type of Ganoderma lucidum, were investigated in C57BL/6 mice treated with cyclophosphamide (CY). Ganoderma lucidum AF alleviated CY-induced decrease in body weight and abnormal increase in blood neutrophil level, when the mice were fed a diet(More)
We investigated if the orally administered Lactobacillus pentosus strain S-PT84 (S-PT84) might show anti-stress activity and ameliorate stress-induced immune suppression in mice. Stress of mice induced an increase in serum corticosterone and a decrease in splenic natural killer activity and in the number of splenocytes versus control mice. However, these(More)
BACKGROUND Self-help cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a useful approach for the treatment of psychological problems. Recent research on the effectiveness of self-help internet-based CBT (ICBT) indicates that the paradigm moderately improves psychological problems. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that food and drinks containing supplements(More)
BACKGROUND Computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) programs can provide a useful self-help approach to the treatment of psychological problems. Previous studies have shown that CCBT has moderate effects on depression, insomnia, and anxiety. The present study investigated whether a supplement drink that includes L-carnosine enhances the effect of(More)