Yuji Nishikawa

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A growing body of evidence indicates that the gap junction (GJ) plays a pivotal role in tumor suppression by exerting cell-cell communication. It has, however, been reported that expression of connexin26 (Cx26) protein is induced in human ductal carcinomas of the breast and that its amount increases in proportion to the grade of malignancy. We thus examined(More)
Embryonic development of the liver is closely associated with vascular organization. However, little is known about the mechanisms of vascular differentiation during liver development. Our previous study showed that the maturation of sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs) occurred during embryonic day 13.0 (E13.0) to E15.0. To improve our understanding of SEC(More)
Although the connexin32 (Cx32)-mediated gap junction is abolished in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the expression of cytoplasmic Cx32 tends to increase in correspondence with the grade of malignancy. Establishing a Tet-off expression system in human nonmetastatic HuH7 HCC cells where cytoplasmic Cx32 was overexpressed by doxycycline (Dox) withdrawal, we(More)
We investigated the mechanism of phenotypic plasticity of hepatocytes in a three-dimensional organoid culture system, in which hepatocytic spheroids were embedded within a collagen gel matrix. Hepatocytes expressed several bile duct markers including cytokeratin (CK) 19 soon after culture and underwent branching morphogenesis within the matrix in the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To develop a specific isolation method of hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (SEC), we applied the immunomagnetic method using a monoclonal antibody (SE-1) that recognizes a membranous antigen expressed only in rat SEC. METHODS Cells were isolated by incubating mixed non-parenchymal cells, which were obtained by collagenase digestion of(More)
In this study, an electromagnetic field approach is used to clarify the mechanism of on-body transmission. A homogeneous cylinder is used as an arm model, and the characteristic of electromagnetic field distribution around the cylinder is extracted based on surface wave approximation and numerical analysis, respectively. As a result, the surface wave(More)
To elucidate the mechanism of apoptosis of liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs), we examined the phosphorylation status of Bad and its upstream signaling molecules during apoptosis in culture and after ischemia-reperfusion injury. Rat SECs were isolated by the immunomagnetic method, and 2 days after culture, most SECs underwent apoptosis, which was(More)
Kidney-targeted gene transfer is expected to revolutionize the treatment of renal diseases. Previous gene transfer methods using nonviral vectors administered via renal arterial, pelvic, or ureteric routes into the glomerulus, tubules, or interstitial fibroblasts have resulted in low-level expression for <1 month. The peritubular capillaries (PTC) network(More)
E-cadherin is an important adhesion molecule whose loss is associated with progression and poor prognosis of liver cancer. However, it is unclear whether the loss of E-cadherin is a real culprit or a bystander in liver cancer progression. In addition, the precise role of E-cadherin in maintaining liver homeostasis is also still unknown, especially in vivo.(More)
A rare case of rapidly growing osteosarcoma that developed in the uterine corpus of a 62-year-old woman is presented. The tumor occupied almost the entire pelvic cavity and extended into the abdominal cavity, with marked involvement of the intestines. Histopathologically, the tumor was composed of an osteoblastic component, accompanied by conspicuous bone(More)