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A growing body of evidence indicates that the gap junction (GJ) plays a pivotal role in tumor suppression by exerting cell-cell communication. It has, however, been reported that expression of connexin26 (Cx26) protein is induced in human ductal carcinomas of the breast and that its amount increases in proportion to the grade of malignancy. We thus examined(More)
We previously showed that mature hepatocytes could transdifferentiate into bile ductular cells when placed in a collagen-rich microenvironment. To explore the mechanism of transdifferentiation, we examined whether inflammatory cytokines affected the phenotype of hepatocytes in a three-dimensional culture system. Spheroidal aggregates of rat hepatocytes were(More)
We investigated the mechanism of phenotypic plasticity of hepatocytes in a three-dimensional organoid culture system, in which hepatocytic spheroids were embedded within a collagen gel matrix. Hepatocytes expressed several bile duct markers including cytokeratin (CK) 19 soon after culture and underwent branching morphogenesis within the matrix in the(More)
A keratin sponge was chemically modified to obtain carboxyl and amino sponges by the alkylation of a large amount of active SH group on keratin proteins with iodoacetic acid and 2-bromoethylamine, respectively. The carboxyl sponge having a large amount of carboxyl group was a scaffold that could bind significant amounts of basic bioactive proteins, such as(More)
Embryonic development of the liver is closely associated with vascular organization. However, little is known about the mechanisms of vascular differentiation during liver development. Our previous study showed that the maturation of sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs) occurred during embryonic day 13.0 (E13.0) to E15.0. To improve our understanding of SEC(More)
In this study, an electromagnetic field approach is used to clarify the mechanism of on-body transmission. A homogeneous cylinder is used as an arm model, and the characteristic of electromagnetic field distribution around the cylinder is extracted based on surface wave approximation and numerical analysis, respectively. As a result, the surface wave(More)
It has been shown that mature hepatocytes compensate tissue damages not only by proliferation and/or hypertrophy but also by conversion into cholangiocyte-like cells. We found that Sry HMG box protein 9-positive (Sox9(+)) epithelial cell adhesion molecule-negative (EpCAM(-)) hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α-positive (HNF4α(+)) biphenotypic cells showing(More)
Kidney-targeted gene transfer is expected to revolutionize the treatment of renal diseases. Previous gene transfer methods using nonviral vectors administered via renal arterial, pelvic, or ureteric routes into the glomerulus, tubules, or interstitial fibroblasts have resulted in low-level expression for <1 month. The peritubular capillaries (PTC) network(More)
Although the connexin32 (Cx32)-mediated gap junction is abolished in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the expression of cytoplasmic Cx32 tends to increase in correspondence with the grade of malignancy. Establishing a Tet-off expression system in human nonmetastatic HuH7 HCC cells where cytoplasmic Cx32 was overexpressed by doxycycline (Dox) withdrawal, we(More)
A rare case of rapidly growing osteosarcoma that developed in the uterine corpus of a 62-year-old woman is presented. The tumor occupied almost the entire pelvic cavity and extended into the abdominal cavity, with marked involvement of the intestines. Histopathologically, the tumor was composed of an osteoblastic component, accompanied by conspicuous bone(More)