Yuji Nishikawa

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Connexins have long been believed to suppress tumour development during carcinogenesis by exerting gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC). Although GJIC is abrogated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), connexin32 (Cx32) protein tends to remain expressed in cytoplasm, but not in cell-cell contact areas; thus, it is incapable of forming gap(More)
A growing body of evidence indicates that the gap junction (GJ) plays a pivotal role in tumor suppression by exerting cell-cell communication. It has, however, been reported that expression of connexin26 (Cx26) protein is induced in human ductal carcinomas of the breast and that its amount increases in proportion to the grade of malignancy. We thus examined(More)
UNLABELLED Spermatogenic immunoglobulin superfamily (SgIGSF) is an intercellular adhesion molecule of the nectin-like family. While screening its tissue distribution, we found that it was expressed in fetal liver but not adult liver. In the present study, we examined which cells in developing and regenerating liver express SgIGSF via immunohistochemistry(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To develop a specific isolation method of hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (SEC), we applied the immunomagnetic method using a monoclonal antibody (SE-1) that recognizes a membranous antigen expressed only in rat SEC. METHODS Cells were isolated by incubating mixed non-parenchymal cells, which were obtained by collagenase digestion of(More)
To elucidate the mechanism of apoptosis of liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs), we examined the phosphorylation status of Bad and its upstream signaling molecules during apoptosis in culture and after ischemia-reperfusion injury. Rat SECs were isolated by the immunomagnetic method, and 2 days after culture, most SECs underwent apoptosis, which was(More)
E-cadherin is an important adhesion molecule whose loss is associated with progression and poor prognosis of liver cancer. However, it is unclear whether the loss of E-cadherin is a real culprit or a bystander in liver cancer progression. In addition, the precise role of E-cadherin in maintaining liver homeostasis is also still unknown, especially in vivo.(More)
Kidney-targeted gene transfer is expected to revolutionize the treatment of renal diseases. Previous gene transfer methods using nonviral vectors administered via renal arterial, pelvic, or ureteric routes into the glomerulus, tubules, or interstitial fibroblasts have resulted in low-level expression for <1 month. The peritubular capillaries (PTC) network(More)
It has been shown that mature hepatocytes compensate tissue damages not only by proliferation and/or hypertrophy but also by conversion into cholangiocyte-like cells. We found that Sry HMG box protein 9-positive (Sox9(+)) epithelial cell adhesion molecule-negative (EpCAM(-)) hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α-positive (HNF4α(+)) biphenotypic cells showing(More)
STUDY DESIGN Histologic changes in the spinal cord caused by progressive spinal kyphosis were assessed using a new animal model. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of chronic compression associated with kyphotic deformity of the cervical spine on the spinal cord. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The spinal cord has remarkable ability to resist chronic(More)
Mps One Binder Kinase Activator (MOB)1A/1B are core components of the Hippo pathway that coactivate large tumor suppressor homolog (LATS) kinases. Mob1a/1b double deficiency in mouse liver (LMob1DKO) results in hyperplasia of oval cells and immature cholangiocytes accompanied by inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrosis. More than half of mutant mice die(More)