Yuji Narukawa

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Two new sulfated oleanan saponins, sulfachyranthosides B (1) and D (2), were isolated from a water extract of Achyranthes root (root of Achyranthes bidentata). The structures were determined by analyses of spectroscopic data to be sulfates of achyranthosides B and D, respectively, at the 4′-position of the glucose moiety attached to the C-28 carboxylic acid(More)
A novel glycosphingolipid, beta-D-GalNAcp(1-->4)[alpha-D- Fucp(1-->3)]-beta-D-GlcNAcp(1-->)Cer (1), isolated from the marine sponge Aplysinella rhax, has a unique structure, with D-fucose and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine attached to a reducing-end N-acetyl-D-glucosamine through an alpha1-->3 and beta1-->4 linkage, respectively. We synthesized glycolipid(More)
Fractionation of acetone and methanol extracts of Viola yedoensis, under the guidance of inhibition against Clostridium histolyticum collagenase (ChC), resulted in the isolation of esculetin (1) (IC50 12 μM) and scopoletin (2) (IC50 1.8 μM) as the active constituents, together with trans-p-coumaric acid (3), cis-p-coumaric acid (4),(More)
Four new diterpenoids (1–4), along with eight known diterpenoids (5–12) were isolated from the acetone extract of Leonurus herb (aerial parts of Leonurus sibiricus L.). The structures of the compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods. Among the isolated compounds, compounds 2, 3, 8, 9 and 10 showed inhibitory activity against human liver cytosol(More)
Several fruit juices have been reported to cause food-drug interactions, mainly affecting cytochrome P450 activity; however, little is known about the effects of fruit juices on conjugation reactions. Among several fruit juices tested (apple, peach, orange, pineapple, grapefruit, and pomegranate), pomegranate juice potently inhibited the sulfoconjugation of(More)
Propolis has been used in folk medicine to improve health and prevent inflammatory diseases; however, the components that exhibit its anti-inflammatory activity remain unknown. We herein investigated the effects of flavonoids isolated from Nepalese propolis on the IL-33 signaling pathway to clarify the anti-inflammatory mechanism involved. Of the 8 types of(More)
Methanolic extracts of trunk exudates of Dalbergia sissoo yielded two new open-chain neoflavonoids (1, 2), a new flavonoid (3), a new flavanone (4), and 26 known compounds. Their structures were elucidated by detailed spectroscopic analyses. The ability of the isolated compounds to prevent nitric oxide (NO) production by LPS-stimulated J774.1 cells was also(More)
Orengedokuto is a Kampo formula which has been used for removing “heat” and “poison” to treat inflammation, hypertension, gastrointestinal disorders, and liver and cerebrovascular diseases. In this report, we quantitatively analyzed the anti-inflammatory effect of the component crude drugs of orengedokuto and their constituents, using inhibition of(More)
A new method consisting of orthogonal projection to latent structure (OPLS) and modified principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to a screening of bioactive compounds from natural products. In this report, extracts of 52 Scutellaria Root (the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi) samples were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography(More)
Flavonoids, particularly those derived from plants, harbor biological effects such as anti-inflammation and the inhibition of cancer progression. In the present study, we investigated the effects of 10 kinds of flavonoids isolated from Nepalese propolis on the LPS signaling pathway in order to clarify their anti-inflammatory activities. Five types of(More)