Yuji Nadatani

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Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-induced immune responses in the gastric mucosa are skewed toward T helper (Th) 1 phenotype, which is characterized by predominant production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN)-γ by helper T cells. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an essential role in mucosal defense against microbes through the recognition(More)
Release of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) from damaged cells, which is involved in many types of tissue injuries, activates inflammatory pathways by stimulating multiple receptors, including Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), TLR4, and receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE). Our objective was to determine the role of HMGB1 in nonsteroidal(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Leptin, a key hormone in regulation of food intake and energy expenditure, exerts pleiotropic cytokine-like biological effects. Its role in gastric ulcer healing is unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of leptin in gastric ulcer healing. METHODS Experimental gastric ulcer was induced by focal serosal application of acetic(More)
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is now performed in a wide range of patients with coronary artery disease. Complications of PCI include in-stent re-stenosis and in-stent thrombosis. According to the recent 2005 guidelines of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, dual(More)
Primary small cell carcinoma (SSC) of the liver is very rare in Japan and only ten cases have been reported worldwide. We report herein the case of a 77-year-old man with primary SCC of the liver. He had a tumor over 10 cm in diameter which was localized in the right lobe of the liver and had invaded the right diaphragm. In laboratory tests, high serum(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have assessed the risk factors associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)-induced small intestinal damage. AIMS To evaluate the risk factors for NSAID-induced enteropathy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS A cross-sectional study using capsule endoscopy was conducted. A total of 113 patients who took(More)
BACKGROUND Low-dose aspirin (LDA) is the most commonly prescribed antiplatelet agent for prevention of cardiovascular events following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Long-term treatment with LDA has serious adverse effects, including gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Most studies have focused only on upper GI bleeding and few studies have(More)
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) was initially discovered as a nuclear protein that interacts with DNA as a chromatin-associated non-histone protein to stabilize nucleosomes and to regulate the transcription of many genes in the nucleus. Once leaked or actively secreted into the extracellular environment, HMGB1 activates inflammatory pathways by(More)
BACKGROUND Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) damage the small intestine by causing multiple erosions and ulcers. However, to date, no established therapies and prophylactic agents are available to treat such damages. We reviewed the role of intestinal microbiota in NSAID-induced intestinal damage and identified potential therapeutic candidates.(More)
Enterobacteria play important roles in the pathophysiology of small intestinal injuries induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). We investigated the effects of rebamipide, a gastrointestinal mucoprotective drug, on indomethacin-induced small intestinal injuries, intestinal microbiota, and expression levels of α-defensin 5, which is a Paneth(More)