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Self-regulating systems often use robust oscillatory circuits. One such system controls the chemotactic signaling mechanism of Dictyostelium, where pulses of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) are generated with a periodicity of 7 minutes. We have observed spontaneous oscillations in activation of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase ERK2 that occur(More)
To isolate novel auxin-responsive mutants in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), we screened mutants for root growth resistance to a putative antiauxin, p-chlorophenoxyisobutyric acid (PCIB), which inhibits auxin action by interfering the upstream auxin-signaling events. Eleven PCIB-resistant mutants were obtained. Genetic mapping indicates that the(More)
LOV KELCH PROTEIN2 (LKP2), ZEITLUPE (ZTL)/LOV KELCH PROTEIN1 (LKP1) and FLAVIN-BINDING KELCH REPEAT F-BOX1 (FKF1) constitute a family of Arabidopsis F-box proteins that regulate the circadian clock. Over-expression of LKP2 or ZTL causes arrhythmicity of multiple clock outputs under constant light and in constant darkness. Here, we show the significance of(More)
Genomes of higher eukaryotes, including plants, contain numerous transposable elements (TEs), that are often silenced by epigenetic mechanisms, such as histone modifications and DNA methylation. Although TE silencing adversely affects expression of nearby genes, recent studies reveal the presence of intragenic TEs marked by repressive heterochromatic(More)
Heat capacity measurements were made on aqueous solutions of a triple-helical polysaccharide schizophyllan by precision adiabatic calorimetry over a wide range of concentrations 30.45-90.93 wt % at temperatures between 5 and 315 K. The heat capacity curves obtained were divided into four groups depending on the weight fraction of schizophyllan w regions(More)
High plasma level of von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a marker of future cardiovascular events in patients at high risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to examine the changes and the prognostic value of plasma VWF-cleaving protease (ADAMTS13) levels in patients with CAD. Plasma VWF and ADAMTS13 levels were measured in 225(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether and how the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-homologous protein (CHOP)-mediated pathway regulates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. METHODS AND RESULTS Wild-type and chop-deficient mice underwent 50 minutes of left coronary artery occlusion followed by reperfusion. Expression(More)
Endothelial dysfunction precedes the development of clinical atherosclerosis. A decrease in endothelium-derived nitric oxide activity shows impaired vasodilator function and causes arterial intimal hyperplasia or thickening. Others and we have reported the close relation of endothelial function in brachial artery and coronary artery. To compare the(More)
OBJECTIVES Coronary heart disease is relatively uncommon in premenopausal women but shows a sharp increase after menopause. The decline of endogenous ovarian hormones is commonly assumed to be a major component of this phenomenon. The effects of estrogens on the vasculature have been investigated extensively in previous studies. However, the effects of(More)
INTRODUCTION Carriers of reduced-function CYP2C19 allele on antiplatelet therapy show diminished platelet inhibition and higher rate of clinical risk. The purpose of this study was to determine cut-off levels of VerifyNow P2Y12 system associated with effective inhibition of on-clopidogrel platelet aggregation to predict carriers of CYP2C19 reduced-function(More)