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Toxic effects of gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium arsenide (InAs) and arsenic trioxide (As2O3) were studied in male Syrian golden hamsters. GaAs (7.7 mg/kg) and As2O3 (1.3 mg/kg) particles were instilled intratracheally twice a week a total of 16 times, while InAs (7.7 mg/kg) was instilled a total of 14 times. As a control, hamsters were treated with the(More)
Microcystin-LR (MCLR) is a hepatotoxic peptide produced by Microcystis aeruginosa, an alga found worldwide in reservoirs for drinking supply; however, acute oral toxicity of purified MCLR remains unknown. Therefore, a single dose of MCLR (more than 95% purity) ranging from 8.0 to 20.0 mg/kg body weight was orally given to female 6-week old BALB/c mice, and(More)
The relationship between the intralobular sites of hepatotoxic injury and the distribution of microcystin-LR (MCLR), an inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A), was examined using an immunohistochemical method with a monoclonal antibody specific to MCLR on the livers of mice receiving a single i.p. injection of the MCLR. Immunoblotting and(More)
The testicular toxicities of two compound semiconductor materials, gallium arsenide (GaAs) and indium arsenide (InAs), and arsenic oxide (As2O3) were examined in rats by repetitive intratracheal instillation of these substances in suspension twice a week, a total of 16 times. A single instillation dose was 7.7 mg/kg in the GaAs and the InAs groups and 1.3(More)
A 2-generation reproductive toxicity study of tributyltin chloride (TBTCl) was conducted in male rats using dietary concentrations of 5, 25, and 125 ppm TBTCl to evaluate its effect on sexual development and the reproductive system. F1 males were killed on postnatal day 119 and F2 males were killed on postnatal day 91. TBTCl affected the male reproductive(More)
The testicular toxicities of gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium arsenide (InAs) and arsenic trioxide (As2O3) were examined by repetitive intratracheal instillation using hamsters. GaAs (7.7 mg/kg) and As2O3 (1.3 mg/kg) were instilled twice a week a total of 16 times and InAs (7.7 mg/kg) was instilled a total of 14 times. GaAs caused testicular spermatid(More)
Chronic toxicity of indium arsenide (InAs) and indium phosphide (InP) was studied in male Syrian golden hamsters which received InAs or InP particles containing a total dose of 7.5 mg of arsenic or phosphorus by intratracheal instillations once a week for 15 weeks. As a control, hamsters were treated with the vehicle, phosphate buffer solution. During their(More)
We treated pregnant rats with 1 microg/kg body weight/day 1,2,3,4,6,7-hexachlorinated naphthalene (1,2,3,4,6,7-HxCN) on days 14-16 of gestation and examined the effects on the reproductive systems of their male offspring at various phases of sexual maturation. Sperm count in the cauda epididymidis did not change in 1,2,3,4,6, 7-HxCN-treated rats on(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are a heterogeneous population of immature and progenitor myeloid cells with an immunosuppressive role in various types of cancer, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, the effect on the host immune system, especially on invariant NKT (iNKT) cells with potent anti-tumor activity, remains(More)
  • Yuji Makita
  • 2008
Prenatal or early postnatal exposure to some synthetic chemicals may affect the later reproductive system of the offspring. 1,4-Dichlorobenzene (DCB) is used as an air freshener and a moth repellent and 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p,p'-DDE) is a persistent metabolite of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane that was used as a(More)