Learn More
Toxic effects of gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium arsenide (InAs) and arsenic trioxide (As2O3) were studied in male Syrian golden hamsters. GaAs (7.7 mg/kg) and As2O3 (1.3 mg/kg) particles were instilled intratracheally twice a week a total of 16 times, while InAs (7.7 mg/kg) was instilled a total of 14 times. As a control, hamsters were treated with the(More)
Microcystin-LR (MCLR) is a hepatotoxic peptide produced by Microcystis aeruginosa, an alga found worldwide in reservoirs for drinking supply; however, acute oral toxicity of purified MCLR remains unknown. Therefore, a single dose of MCLR (more than 95% purity) ranging from 8.0 to 20.0 mg/kg body weight was orally given to female 6-week old BALB/c mice, and(More)
The relationship between the intralobular sites of hepatotoxic injury and the distribution of microcystin-LR (MCLR), an inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A), was examined using an immunohistochemical method with a monoclonal antibody specific to MCLR on the livers of mice receiving a single i.p. injection of the MCLR. Immunoblotting and(More)
A 2-generation reproductive toxicity study of tributyltin chloride (TBTCl) was conducted in male rats using dietary concentrations of 5, 25, and 125 ppm TBTCl to evaluate its effect on sexual development and the reproductive system. F1 males were killed on postnatal day 119 and F2 males were killed on postnatal day 91. TBTCl affected the male reproductive(More)
The effects of nifedipine and its derivatives, nisoldipine, nimodipine and nitrendipine, on smooth muscle cells and neuromuscular transmission were investigated in the rabbit mesenteric artery. These agents in concentrations of up to 2×10−7 M modified neither the membrane potential nor the membrane resistance, yet did inhibit the spike potential evoked by(More)
The testicular toxicities of two compound semiconductor materials, gallium arsenide (GaAs) and indium arsenide (InAs), and arsenic oxide (As2O3) were examined in rats by repetitive intratracheal instillation of these substances in suspension twice a week, a total of 16 times. A single instillation dose was 7.7 mg/kg in the GaAs and the InAs groups and 1.3(More)
The testicular toxicities of gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium arsenide (InAs) and arsenic trioxide (As2O3) were examined by repetitive intratracheal instillation using hamsters. GaAs (7.7 mg/kg) and As2O3 (1.3 mg/kg) were instilled twice a week a total of 16 times and InAs (7.7 mg/kg) was instilled a total of 14 times. GaAs caused testicular spermatid(More)
Chronic toxicity of indium arsenide (InAs) and indium phosphide (InP) was studied in male Syrian golden hamsters which received InAs or InP particles containing a total dose of 7.5 mg of arsenic or phosphorus by intratracheal instillations once a week for 15 weeks. As a control, hamsters were treated with the vehicle, phosphate buffer solution. During their(More)
Tributyltin and 1, 1-dichloro-2, 2 bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene (p,p'-DDE) have been ubiquitously distributed over the world. In Japan, p,p'-DDE and tributyltin are ingested through marine products, in which these substances are accumulated through bio-concentration and the food chain. However, the consequence of potential combined hazards of these(More)
We treated pregnant rats with 1 microg/kg body weight/day 1,2,3,4,6,7-hexachlorinated naphthalene (1,2,3,4,6,7-HxCN) on days 14-16 of gestation and examined the effects on the reproductive systems of their male offspring at various phases of sexual maturation. Sperm count in the cauda epididymidis did not change in 1,2,3,4,6, 7-HxCN-treated rats on(More)