Yuji Kashiwakura

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Deficiency of ADAMTS13 is found in patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), and the genetic defects in the ADAMTS13 gene or the autoantibody against ADAMTS13 is thought to be responsible for the development of TTP. The clinical correlation and mechanisms of secondary ADAMTS13 deficiency in other disease states were investigated. In addition(More)
A porcine model of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) promises to facilitate human cancer studies, the humanization of tissue for xenotransplantation, and the evaluation of stem cells for clinical therapy, but SCID pigs have not been described. We report here the generation and preliminary evaluation of a porcine SCID model. Fibroblasts containing a(More)
The overexpression of reduced expression in immortalized cells (REIC)/Dickkopf-3 (Dkk-3), a tumor suppressor gene, induced apoptosis in human prostatic and testicular cancer cells. The aim of this study is to examine the potential of REIC/Dkk-3 as a therapeutic target against breast cancer. First, the in vitro apoptotic effect of Ad-REIC treatment was(More)
Congenital long- or short-QT syndrome may lead to life-threatening ventricular tachycardia and sudden cardiac death. Apart from the rare disease-causing mutations, common genetic variants in CAPON, a neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) regulator, have recently been associated with QT interval variations in a human whole-genome association study. CAPON had(More)
After the first attachment of virus to the cell surface through a primary receptor, efficient entry of virus requires the presence of a coreceptor. For adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV2) infection, heparan sulfate proteoglycan is supposed as the primary receptor, and alphavbeta5 integrin and FGFR1 are reported to act as coreceptors. In this study, we were(More)
The reduced expression in immortalized cells (REIC)/Dickkopf (Dkk)-3, a member of the Dkk gene family, is a tumor suppressor in a broad range of cancers. REIC/Dkk-3 transfected stable clones of mouse prostate cancer RM9 cells (RM9-REIC) and the empty vector-transfected control clone cells (RM9-EV) were established. Clones were used to evaluate the(More)
Hemophilia A is a common X chromosome-linked genetic bleeding disorder caused by abnormalities in the coagulation factor VIII gene (F8). Hemophilia A patients suffer from a bleeding diathesis, such as life-threatening bleeding in the brain and harmful bleeding in joints and muscles. Because it could potentially be cured by gene therapy, subhuman animal(More)
Tubulobulbar complexes (TBCs) are composed of several tubular invaginations formed at the plasma membrane of testicular Sertoli cells. TBCs are transiently formed at the contact region with spermatids at spermatogenic stage VII in rat and mouse, and such TBC formation is prerequisite for spermatid release. Since the characteristic structure of TBCs suggests(More)
We had previously reported that REIC/Dkk-3, a member of the Dickkopf (Dkk) gene family, works as a tumor suppressor. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic effects of an intratumoral injection with adenoviral vector encoding REIC/Dkk-3 gene (Ad-REIC) using an orthotopic mouse prostate cancer model of RM-9 cells. We also investigated the in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We have previously shown that the sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P)/S1P receptor-1 (S1P(1)R) axis contributes to the migration of transplanted neural progenitor cells (NPCs) toward areas of spinal cord injury. In the current study, we examined a strategy to increase endogenous NPC migration toward the injured central nervous system to(More)