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Thrombomodulin (TM) is an endothelial anticoagulant cofactor that promotes thrombin-mediated formation of activated protein C (APC). We have found that the N-terminal lectin-like domain (D1) of TM has unique antiinflammatory properties. TM, via D1, binds high-mobility group-B1 DNA-binding protein (HMGB1), a factor closely associated with necrotic cell(More)
We report a novel mutation of tau (L266V missense mutation in exon 9) which may cause a type of familial frontotemporal dementia. The brain of a patient showed Pick body-like inclusions and unique tau-positive, argyrophilic astrocytes with stout filaments and naked, round, or irregular argyrophilic inclusions with deposits of both three-repeat and(More)
PURPOSE The small GTP-binding protein Rho and its best-characterized downstream effector Rho-associated serine-threonine protein kinase, ROCK, participate in actin cytoskeleton organization, and are linked to pathogenesis and progression of several human tumors. We investigated the roles of Rho and ROCK in bladder cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Using Western(More)
We present a boy and two girls with paternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 14q (patUPD14). One girl had a Robertsonian translocation, whereas two a normal karyotype. Based on the manifestations of these patients and four previously reported patients who all had translocated chromosome 14, The patUPD14 was thought to constitute a distinctive syndrome. The(More)
The Rho family of GTPases are involved in actin cytoskeleton organization and associated with carcinogenesis and progression of human cancers. We investigated the roles of Rho family GTPases, prototypes RhoA, Rac1, and Cdc42, and the major downstream targets of RhoA, ROCK-I, and ROCK-II in testicular cancer. We quantified protein expression in paired tumor(More)
Anti-IZUMO1PFF VHH (variable domain of camelid heavy chain antibody) clones, N6 and N15, from immunized alpaca (Lama pacos) phage library were efficiently expressed and their VHH products were secreted into the culture medium of Brevibacillus choshinensis HPD31-SP3, e.g., at a level of 26-95mg in 100ml conventional flask culture. With a 3-L scale fed-batch(More)
UNLABELLED Expression of an osteogenic cytokine, IL-11, is decreased in SAMP6. We show here that IL-11 transcription largely depends on AP-1 transcription factors, activities of which are decreased in SAMP6 as well as aged ICR mice. Therefore, diminished AP-1 activity and the resultant decline in IL-11 expression may play a role in impaired bone formation(More)
Molecular mechanism of mechanical stress-induced bone formation remains unclear. We demonstrate that mechanical unloading suppresses and reloading enhances Interleukin (IL)-11 gene expression in the hindlimb of mice in vivo. Mechanical stress to osteoblasts by fluid shear stress (FSS) in vitro rapidly and transiently enhances fosB gene transcription,(More)
The modeling and remodeling of bone requires activation and polarization of osteoclasts, achieved by reorganization of the cytoskeleton. Members of the Rho subfamily of small GTPases, including Cdc42, are known regulators of cytoskeletal components, but the role of these proteins in bone physiology and pathophysiology remains unclear. Here, we examined(More)
Recent studies have reported a high prevalence of primary aldosteronism among patients with severe hypertension. However, the prevalence of this disease among normotensive and mildly hypertensive patients has not been determined. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of primary aldosteronism among prehypertensive and stage 1 hypertensive(More)