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PC12 cells show a classical volume regulatory process when submitted to hypo-osmotic conditions. The present study examined the effects of such osmotic shock on the structural organization of different cytoskeletal elements. Results were obtained by use of different light and electron microscopy techniques combined with immunostaining methods. It appeared(More)
The architecture of desmin intermediate filament arrangements in cultured cardiomyocytes from heart of normal and cardiomyopathic hamsters was studied by immunofluorescent light microscopy and immunogold replica electron microscopy. Both polyclonal and monoclonal antidesmin antibodies were used in a biotin-streptavidin system. Immunofluorescent staining of(More)
A procedure has been developed for the three-dimensional immunoelectron microscopic localization of cytoskeletal filaments by a deep-etching replica method in combination with immunogold labeling and/or myosin subfragment 1 (S1) decoration techniques. Neonatal hamster heart cells grown on glass coverslips were extracted with Triton X-100 or physically(More)
Cytoskeletal organization and its association with plasma membranes in embryonic chick skeletal muscle cells in vitro was studied by the freeze-drying and rotary-shadowing method of physically ruptured cells. The cytoskeletal filaments underlying the plasma membranes were sparse in myogenic cells at the stage when cells exhibited great lipid fluidity in(More)
The ultrastructural distribution of alpha-actinin was studied in cultured hamster heart cells by immunogold replica electron microscopy. This technique enabled us to localize alpha-actinin within the cytoskeletal networks at high resolution and in three dimensions. Colloidal gold, indicating the presence of alpha-actinin, was localized on the Z bands of(More)
The present study describes an experimental approach whereby myofibrillogenesis and the three-dimensional arrangement of myofibrils present within cultured skeletal muscle cells can be examined using the scanning electron microscope. This procedure uses cells that have been cultured on gold-coated coverslips, and treated with Triton X-100 to extract the(More)
The effects of nitric oxide produced by macrophage-like cells (Mm1) on the cell cycle were investigated. Mm1 cells lost proliferative activity in the presence of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and a subpopulation accumulated in the G2+M phase. This level increased in proportion to the incubation time. The DNA content of the cells was slightly lower than that of Mm1(More)
The distributions of desmin and vimentin intermediate filaments in cultured hamster heart cells were examined by immunofluorescent microscopy and an immunogold deep-etching replica technique in combination with electron microscopy. Fluorescent studies showed the overall staining patterns of the myocytes as well as the fibroblasts. Monoclonal antibodies (Da,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is crucial in the management of COPD. The aim of this study was to establish the utility of a community-based lung cancer screening for detecting COPD. METHODS In Japan, community-based lung cancer screening for residents who are 40 years or older using chest radiography is(More)
[Abstract] Procedures and results of three kinds of experiments i.e., closed type D2O/Pd electrolysis, electron beam irradiation and ion-beam bombardment on titanium-deuteride (TiDx) have been introduced in this paper. In the electrolysis experiment, upper gas of the electrolysis cell was analyzed using a Quadrupole Mass Analysis System (Q-MAS). Significant(More)